The Current Situation and Development Trend of Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Finland

  • Katja DindarEmail author
  • Soile Loukusa
Part of the New Frontiers of Educational Research book series (NFER)


This chapter presents a brief overview of the current situation and development trend of interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Finland. Interventions, particularly early interventions, are seen crucial for children with ASD in order to support their developing skills. Research has identified multiple interventions that are currently regarded as evidence based. First, this chapter takes a look at the current international and national recommendations and suggestions for nonpharmacological ASD interventions, and, by drawing on recent empirical studies, explores the interventions provided in Finland. It appears that speech and language therapy and occupational therapy are relatively well available in Finland, particularly in comparison to other parts of Europe. Specific concerns in Finland relate to the lack of official national recommendations for ASD interventions and regional availability of professionals with expertise in ASD. Challenges in ensuring earlier identification of ASD and thus earlier access to intervention are also recognized. Finally, the chapter provides a case example of the rehabilitation path of a Finnish boy with ASD, discusses the development trend of intervention provision in Finland, and suggests some future directions.


Acknowledgments and Funding

We thank the mother of Eetu for participating and sharing experiences during the interview. We also thank Dr. Leena Mäkinen for her comments and suggestions on an earlier version of this chapter. In preparing this chapter, the authors were financially supported by the Alfred Kordelin Foundation, the Olvi Foundation, the Academy of Finland (project number 276578), and the Eudaimonia Institute of the University of Oulu.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Educational Sciences and PsychologyUniversity of Eastern FinlandJoensuuFinland
  2. 2.Research Unit of LogopedicsUniversity of OuluOuluFinland

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