Exclusive Contracts When Incumbent Can Establish Direct Retailer

  • Koki AraiEmail author


Exclusive contracts have long been a controversial issue. Once an exclusive contract is signed, it directly deters efficient entrants and reduces welfare. Therefore, exclusive contracts seem to have anticompetitive effects.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Management and AdministrationShumei UniversityYachiyoJapan

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