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The Problems of Technical Innovations in Farm Management

  • Teruya MorishimaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 32)

Abstract

Changes in the environment surrounding agriculture, rural villages, and food-related industries are becoming increasingly severe. In this paper, we organized tasks that assist farmers in adapting to environmental changes and creating and introducing innovation of their own management. Our approach in this paper is from two perspectives: a. type of innovation and b. development and diffusion of innovation. Regarding the former, two types of innovations exist: radical innovation based on knowledge that has not previously existed (“exploration” type) and incremental innovation through improvements in what previously existed (“exploitation” type). Regarding the latter, we reviewed the new combination pattern in innovation divided into “creation” and “introduction.” Among them, creation type can be further divided into two types: closed innovation, which carries out all development on its own, and open innovation, which cooperates with external affiliates. Open innovation has been adopted by major companies in recent years as mechanisms to efficiently generate innovation using fewer management resources. This option is also a conforming mechanism in the agriculture and food industry with its numerous small- and medium-sized organizations. “Platform,” an open network organization through industry-academia-government collaboration, functions as a hub for information networks for innovation. The role of coordinator is indispensable to forming such a platform and matching the entities. Therefore, finding and fostering talent who fulfills the role of “coordinator,” who can act as a bridge between the entities, and who can play the role of “gatekeeper” as a contact point for introducing new knowledge with external global networks is important.

Keywords

Regional innovation system Network Social capital Gatekeeper and coordinator 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kyushu Okinawa Agricultural Research Center, NARO (KARC/NARO)KumamotoJapan

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