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Taurine 11 pp 323-333 | Cite as

Taurine-Related Nutritional Knowledge Has a Positive Effect on Intake of Taurine and Cognitive Function in the Elderly

  • Mi Ae Bae
  • So Hyun Park
  • So Hee Han
  • Kyung Ja ChangEmail author
  • Sung Hoon KimEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1155)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations among taurine-related nutritional knowledge (TNK), taurine intake frequency (TIF), and cognitive function (CF) in Korean elderly. Subjects of this cross-sectional study were 278 elderly persons in Korea without dementia (men 76, women 202). The subjects were divided into two groups: a group with a lower than average TNK score (LAG) and a group with a higher than average TNK score (HAG). Data were obtained via questionnaires and 1: 1 interviews. Correlation analysis available in SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze associations among the three factors. Average TNK score of all subjects was 4 out of 10 points, while that of the LAG (1.9 points) was significantly lower than that of the HAG (6.6 points) (p < 0.001). Average TIF score in the HAG (195.3 points) was significantly higher than that of the LAG (180.8 points) (p < 0.001). Compared to the LAG, the HAG members more frequently consumed foods such as webfoot octopus, whelk, dried anchovy, dried shrimp, mackerel, anglerfish, skate, short-necked clam, shrimp, and dried squid (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference in CF scores between the LAG and HAG. There was positive correlation between TNK and TIF scores in all the subjects (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference, but there was a tendency for a positive correlation, between TNK and CF scores (p = 0.072). These results suggest that nutritional education of the elderly about taurine is needed, and it is strongly recommended that the elderly frequently consume taurine-containing foods and supplements to prevent dementia.

Keywords

Nutritional knowledge Cognitive function Intake of Taurine Taurine Elderly 

Abbreviations

TNK

Taurine-Related Nutritional Knowledge

TIF

Taurine Intake Frequency

CF

Cognitive Function

LAG

Group Lower than Average TNK Score

HAG

Group Higher than Average TNK Score

AD

Alzheimer’s disease

MMSE-DS

Mini-Mental State Examination-Dementia Screening

SE

Standard Error

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was conducted with the generous financial support of the Youlchon Foundation (Nongshim Corporation and its affiliated companies) in Korea.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food & NutritionInha UniversityIncheonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryKonkuk UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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