Diabetic Retinopathy in the Eyes of Endocrine Doctors

  • Jianbo Zhou
  • Jinkui Yang
  • Weihong Yu
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 3)


Diabetic retinopathy is the most common eye complication of diabetes and one of the major causes of human blindness. The main causes of visual impairment are diabetic macular edema and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. From the perspective of endocrinologists, for patients with diabetic retinopathy, systemic treatments, including the control of blood glucose and blood lipids, are equally important as local treatment for the treatment of lesions that have occurred and prevention of visual impairment from occurring. Patients who need early intervention in diabetic retinopathy patients should be retained in the endocrinology department, and high-risk patients should be referred to the ophthalmology department, particularly those who need to be diagnosed and screened for severe non-proliferative retinopathy. This is a key issue to be solved. Through integration of the latest advances in epidemiological studies and clinical experiences, regular diabetic retinopathy screening, and intervention against risk factors, it is possible to prevent the occurrence of diabetic retinopathy. This chapter can help us understand how endocrinology and ophthalmology should work together to achieve the goal that the patients who need early intervention (not yet with diabetic retinopathy) stay in the endocrinology department for control of blood sugar, while high-risk patients (with diabetic retinopathy that may impact visual acuity) are referred to the ophthalmology department. Let’s work together to improve the quality of life of patients by preventing or reducing the occurrence of visual impairment.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianbo Zhou
    • 1
  • Jinkui Yang
    • 1
  • Weihong Yu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EndocrinologyBeijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyPeking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina

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