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The Importance of Clinical Reasoning

  • Xuehong Wan
  • Rui Zeng
Chapter

Abstract

Before learning to diagnose, medical students have already studied various medical foundation courses, obtained theoretical knowledge and practiced skills of inquiry and physical examination. These are particularly important for clinical diagnosis; but such knowledge and skills alone are insufficient. Medical students must learn and apply the methods of clinical reasoning, and they must study clinical knowledge on diseases of different systems in the human body thoroughly. If theoretic knowledge is likened to a walking stick for students, just having the stick is not enough: they must be taught on how to use the stick, guided to take correct paths and directions and instructed on how to apply such knowledge and skills with scientific reasoning in clinical diagnosis. Only by doing so can such knowledge and skills truly work. With the rapid progress of medical technologies, new diagnostic technologies keep emerging, but the importance of clinical reasoning by the doctor will not fade. It is irreplaceable.

Before learning to diagnose, medical students have already studied various medical foundation courses, obtained theoretical knowledge and practiced skills of inquiry and physical examination. These are particularly important for clinical diagnosis; but such knowledge and skills alone are insufficient. Medical students must learn and apply the methods of clinical reasoning, and they must study clinical knowledge on diseases of different systems in the human body thoroughly. If theoretic knowledge is likened to a walking stick for students, just having the stick is not enough: they must be taught on how to use the stick, guided to take correct paths and directions and instructed on how to apply such knowledge and skills with scientific reasoning in clinical diagnosis. Only by doing so can such knowledge and skills truly work. With the rapid progress of medical technologies, new diagnostic technologies keep emerging, but the importance of clinical reasoning by the doctor will not fade. It is irreplaceable.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuehong Wan
    • 1
  • Rui Zeng
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Department of CardiologySichuan UniversityChengduChina

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