Basic Skills of Physical Examination

  • Xuehong Wan
  • Rui Zeng


There are five basic methods of examination: inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, and olfactory examination. In addition to using our own perception in physical examination, we also utilize a variety of simple instruments (Table 41.1, Fig. 41.1).

Suggested Readings and Websites

  1. Bickley LS. Bates’ guide to physical examination and history taking. 10th ed: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009.Google Scholar
  2. Swartz MH. Textbook of physical diagnosis. 7th ed: Elsevier; 2014.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuehong Wan
    • 1
  • Rui Zeng
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Department of CardiologySichuan UniversityChengduChina

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