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Contribution of Microbes in the Renovation of Wetlands

  • Prem Chandra
  • Enespa
  • Mukesh Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

A wetland ecosystem is an important reservoir of microbial diversity and contributes significantly in mitigation of the Greenhouse gas emissions. Increased nitrogen (N) inputs from agriculture and fossil fuel combustion have been recognized as a severe threat to biodiversity loss and ecosystem functioning of wetlands, such as control of greenhouse gas emissions. The intensive biogeochemical activities in the wetlands are performed by microbs, which have an important role in improving water quality and nutrient recycling. It is well known that the structure and function of the microbial community enhance the restoration of nutrient cycling in wetlands. Investigating the interactions of structure and functions of microbes with wetland plants is important because the microbial taxa can be interconnected to specific transformations, biodegradation, biogeochemical cycles, survival, and restoration of the wetlands. The processes of nitrification, denitrification, mineralization, humification, and absorption are performed by physical, chemical, and microbial processes for the sustainability of the wetland. This chapter suggests that microbially mediated processes are directly and indirectly crucial in the restoration of wetland function and ecological aspects. The phenomenon and the working principle of microbes in wetlands are discussed in detail with emphasis on nutrient cycling. This chapter also describes how microbes are an indispensible part of wetland functioning and restoration.

Keywords

Bioremediation Restoration Microbes Sustainability Wetlands 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prem Chandra
    • 1
  • Enespa
    • 2
  • Mukesh Kumar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Microbiology, School for Environmental SciencesBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (A Central) UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Plant Pathology, Mahesh Prasad Degree CollegeUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia
  3. 3.University Sophisticated Instrumentation CentreBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (A Central) UniversityLucknowIndia

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