Smart Cities for Recovery and Reconstruction in the Aftermath of a Disaster

  • Yoriko Tsuchiya
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 35)


As a measure against global warming, smart cities are being built to reduce the use of carbon by introducing renewable energy, securing dispersed and autonomous power supply, and managing energy at the scale of the city. Following the Great East Japan Earthquake of March in 2011, the concept of a smart city has gained considerable interest in Japan as a measure for controlling energy to improve disaster prevention ability and resilience to disasters. For shaping a smart city, energy-saving equipment and energy management systems should be introduced by using energy control technology, etc. Managing and controlling energy by means of a storage battery makes it possible to employ renewable energy sources such as solar power and to utilize energy potential. Furthermore, optimization and stabilization of energy supply and demand too can be contributed.

In this chapter, features of public–private partnership projects related to a smart city in the operational stage are described, which has been being developed for the reconstruction of afflicted areas. First, I will describe the concept and definition of smart city in Japan are explained, and then four cases of smart cities from Miyagi Prefecture are introduced. These four cases are “Alai Green City Project” as post-disaster public housing; “Tago West Project” as post-disaster public housing–general housing, mixed type; “Higashimatsushima Eco-Town Project” as post-disaster public housing–business complex type; and “Akaiwa Port Eco-Marine Processing Estate Project” as factory type.

In the planning stage of these projects, in addition to HEMS or BEMS for housings, also the networking of multiple facilities and introduction of large-scale energy infrastructure such as storage batteries and renewable energy are being studied. However, in Japan, presently, only limited part of the plan has been operationalized in power supply and its flexible distribution. In the next stage of operation, further improvement of the infrastructure, stability of profit structure, and reinforcement of the organization management to sustain electric power supply will be essential.


Resilience Power supply, solar photovoltaics Storage battery Energy management system Post-disaster reconstruction project 



I would like to thank the management companies and local governments of the afflicted areas who cooperated in the survey. This research was supported by JSPS KAKENHI, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) 24221010.


  1. Izumii Y (2013) Development of smart community. J Inst Electr Install Eng Jpn 33(8):31–33Google Scholar
  2. Japan Smart Community Alliance (2015) Smart community Japan’s experience pp 1–66Google Scholar
  3. Kesennuma City · Smart City Project (2012) Akaiiwa Port Project: (tentative name) Eco Maritime Processing Complex. December 2012, 015_05_00.pdf (Reference date: September 25, 2016)
  4. Kokusai Kogyo Co., Ltd Official Website: “Green Community Tago West”-Miyagi/Sendai City (Reference Date: September 25, 2016)
  5. Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry Official website, (Reference Date: October 25, 2018)
  6. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Official website, (Reference Date: October 25, 2018)
  7. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Official website, (Reference Date: October 25, 2018)
  8. Ministry of the Environment, Sendai City and others (2012) Sustainable Urban Redevelopment Promotion Model Project, Tago West District Environmental Disaster Prevention City Urban Development Project Report. March 2012Google Scholar
  9. NEDO (2014) Renewable energy technology white paper version 2 pp 3–27Google Scholar
  10. Sekisui House Co., Ltd. (2015) Press Release: “Disaster Public Housing Yanagi-no-Me -higashi Completed, Moving in Town (Higashi Matsushima Smart Disaster Prevention Eco Town).” August 7, 2015Google Scholar
  11. Sendai City Official website Eco Model Town Promotion Project. (Updated on July 15, 2016), (Reference Date: September 25, 2016)
  12. Smart City Project Official website, (Reference date November 26, 2015)

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoriko Tsuchiya
    • 1
  1. 1.Organization for the Strategic Coordination of Research and Intellectual PropertiesMeiji UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations