Case Study 4: “Active Aging” and “Healthy Aging”—A Comparative Survey of Coping Mechanisms for Greying Populations in Japan and Hong Kong

  • Tai Wei Lim


Many economies in East Asia, especially the advanced developing as well as developed economies, exhibit signs of an aging population. Within these Northeast Asian societies, two in particular (Hong Kong and Japan) stand out as they confront the challenges of an aging population economically, politically and socially. They have become natural case studies of the impact of an aging population on socioeconomic development. Between the two, Hong Kong is well-known as a migrant society (especially internal migration from China) while Japan is generally conceptualized as a homogenous population, an island nation where many of its national consider themselves as Japanese culturally and nationality-wise. Therefore, for Hong Kong, replenishing their stock with migrants has always been a solution for their aging populations with low replacement rates.


Hong Kong Active aging Migrant 


  1. Chan, Bernard, “Hong Kong Must Not Miss Out on Tech Revolution for the Elderly” dated 22 June 2017 in the South China Morning Post (SCMP) [downloaded on 22 June 2017]. Available at
  2. Cheung, Matthew, “Gov’t Committed to Active Ageing” dated 28 February 2014 in the Hong Kong Information Service Department of the Hong Kong government [downloaded on 1 January 2018]. Available at
  3. European Commission Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, “Active Ageing Report” dated January 2012 in Special Eurobarometer 378 (EU: Directorate-General for Communication [DG COMM] “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Available at
  4. World Health Organization (WHO), “What Is Healthy Ageing?” in WHO website [downloaded on 1 March 2018]. Available at

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tai Wei Lim
    • 1
  1. 1.Singapore University of Social SciencesSingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations