Sustainable C and N Management Under Metal-Contaminated Soils

  • Vasudev MeenaEmail author
  • Mohan Lal Dotaniya
  • Jayanta Kumar Saha
  • Bharat Prakash Meena
  • Hiranmoy Das
  • Beena
  • Ashok Kumar Patra


Across the world, a major challenge is deteriorating environmental health by increasing growth of industries with the unscientific management of industrial waste. Soil contamination with organic and inorganic pollutant is a major task during the production of healthy food. In the last three decades, the concentration of heavy metals in soil has increased drastically, posing a risk to the whole environment, human, as well as animal health. Soil contamination is a threat to sustainable agricultural development and food security in developing countries. Nowadays protection and preservation of the environment from further deterioration have drawn increasing research attention. In the present context, use of modern and traditional technologies aims to maintain the health of natural resources from contamination at economic feasibility. Another major concern is remediation or minimization of toxic metal entry in the food chain contamination of different ecosystems without affecting their functionality. There is a need to make land resources free from metal contamination for healthy and safe agricultural production, to increase food security, and to maintain land use pattern. Advanced remediation techniques are more focusing on in situ environment-friendly practices. Several organic and inorganic remediation technologies to treat heavy metal-contaminated soils are discussed in this chapter.


Crop production Carbon management Contaminated soil Heavy metals Inorganic material Nitrogen management Organic material Soil amendments 



Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage




Denitrification decomposition


Greenhouse gases




Gega tons


Heavy metals


Municipal solid waste








Parts per billion


Parts per million


Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria


Soil organic carbon


Soil organic matter


United States Environmental Protection Agency



The authors are highly thankful to Dr. H.M. Meena, Scientist, ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur, India, for providing motivation and incorporating suggestions during the writing of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vasudev Meena
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohan Lal Dotaniya
    • 1
  • Jayanta Kumar Saha
    • 1
  • Bharat Prakash Meena
    • 1
  • Hiranmoy Das
    • 1
  • Beena
    • 2
  • Ashok Kumar Patra
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil ScienceBhopalIndia
  2. 2.Department of EducationBanasthali VidhyapithNiwai (Tonk)India

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