Preclinical and Clinical Trials of Indian Medicinal Plants in Disease Control

  • Harun Al Rashid
  • Anindita Kundu
  • Vivekananda Mandal
  • Phurpa Wangchuk
  • Subhash C. Mandal


Since the ancient period, the medicinal plants have been used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Recently, it has gained extreme research importance for their nutraceuticals values. It has been confirmed by WHO that herbal medicines serve the health needs of about 80% of World’s population; especially for millions of people in the vast rural areas of developing countries. This book chapter summarizes the importance of several medicinal plants which are traditionally used in treatment and management of different ailments in India. In addition, some pharmacological models describe the possible mechanism of action of bioactive phytochemicals, which can be successfully used as drug candidates in near future. However, there is urgent need for basic scientific investigations on medicinal plants and this has been highlighted in current research trends in clinical trials.


Herbs Activity of herbs Mechanism of actions Clinical tests Research of herbs Role of WHO Government policies 



The authors are thankful to the Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi for financial assistance to Prof. (Dr.) Subhash C Mandal under DBT’s Twinning Program (DBT-NER/AGRI/29/2015 (Group 2), Dated: 19/10/2016) for the North East, India.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harun Al Rashid
    • 1
  • Anindita Kundu
    • 1
  • Vivekananda Mandal
    • 2
  • Phurpa Wangchuk
    • 3
  • Subhash C. Mandal
    • 1
  1. 1.Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy Research Laboratory, Division of Pharmacognosy, Department of Pharmaceutical TechnologyJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Institute of Pharmacy, Guru Ghasidas Central UniversityBilaspurIndia
  3. 3.Centre for Molecular Therapeutics, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

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