Role of Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) in Preservation and Protection of Indigenous Medicinal Knowledge of India
Traditional medicinal practices are being used in the life of people since ancient time. These practices are still having a significant role because modern treatment is not available for a large proportion of the world’s population. These medicines are locally available and affordable by the weaker section of the society. These practices belong to the people of a society, but some people try to steal this knowledge from indigenous communities for commercial purpose. There is a gap between modern patent laws and traditional medicine areas, and companies take advantage of this by patenting them. India has a rich treasure of traditional practices, and there are many cases occurred when people tried to get patent of this traditional knowledge. These cases play an important role in the formation of the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library. TKDL started to convert Indian transcription into international languages and made them available in the public domain. The knowledge available in the public domain cannot be considered for a patent. Since its establishment, 220 patent applications relating to Indian medicinal systems have been rejected or withdrawn by applicant due to TKDL.
KeywordsTraditional medicine Indigenous knowledge Biopiracy IPR TKDL
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