Food Grains of India: A Brief Note on Their Therapeutic Potential

  • Saikat Sen


Food grains since inception are playing a major role in human society by providing nutrition, energy and survival of people. Rice, wheat, maize, and millets are considered as important functional food worldwide, and besides their basic nutritional value, the functional foods and their component affords a health benefit and health-promoting effect. In India, wheat, rice, and millets are some important food grains. A number of varieties of these cereals are cultivated in India and exported to others parts of world. Rice, wheat, and millets are the important source of fiber, energy, minerals, proteins, vitamins, and antioxidants which act in synergy and exerted beneficial effect on health. In recent time, research intensifies to find the therapeutic efficacy of food grains. Preclinical, clinical, and epidemiological studies found the therapeutic effectiveness of such cereals. This review mainly focused on the therapeutic value and bioactive phytochemicals, most importantly antioxidant molecules of rice, wheat, and millets.


Rice Wheat Millets Therapeutic potential Antioxidant molecule 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saikat Sen
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Pharmaceutical ScienceAssam Down Town UniversityGuwahatiIndia

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