Advertisement

Historical Development and Gentrification of Hokkaido’s Former Coal Mining Areas: Case Studies of Bibai, Kushiro, Mikasa, and Yubari

  • Tai Wei Lim
  • Naoko Shimazaki
  • Yoshihisa Godo
  • Yiru Lim
Chapter

Abstract

The previous chapters provided the historical framework to discuss Japan’s coal mining industry. They gave a detailed account of the origins of the coal mining industry, both in terms of changing mindsets (e.g. adjusting to the concept of time schedules) and in terms of modern evolution from peasantry and feudal lordships in an agricultural economy to rationalized mass production in factories. This chapter continues with that narrative in the post-war period and discusses coal mine closures as well as policy-based coping mechanisms to transition retrenched workers and their dependents. The chapter chronologically continues with the narrative in the next phase of Japan’s coal mining industry, which is post-closure gentrification of former coal mining areas.

Keywords

Yubari Bibai Heritage Tourists 

Bibliography

  1. Best Friends Hokkaido (BFH), “Tracing Memories of the Coal Mining Boom: Messages Left in Sorachi” in the BFH website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.bfh.jp/en/lifestyle/tracing-memories-of-the-coal-mining-boom-messages-left-in-sorachi/
  2. Board, Jack, “Asia’s Toughest Jobs: The fire and brimstone miners of Ijen Crater” dated 19 August 2017 in the Channelnewsasia website [downloaded on 19 August 2017], available at http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/asia-s-toughest-jobs-the-fire-and-brimstone-miners-of-ijen-9134662
  3. Campi, Alicia, “The New Great Game in Northeast Asia: Potential Impact of Energy Mineral Development in Mongolia on China, Russia, Japan, and Korea” dated 2013 in the Asia-Pacific Policy Papers Series [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], (Washington DC: Edwin O. Reischauer Center for East Asian Studies), 2013, available at http://www.reischauercenter.org/en/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/RC-Monograph-2013-Campi_The-New-Great-Game-in-Northeast-Asia.pdf
  4. Cochilco, Chilean Copper Commission, “Research on Mine Closure Policy No. 44” dated January 2002 in the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/G00541.pdf
  5. Culter, Suzanne, Managing Decline: Japan’s Coal Industry Restructuring and Community Response (Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press), 1999Google Scholar
  6. Curtis, Katina, “Look at Japan for clean coal power” dated 2 Feb 2017 in News Limited [downloaded on 2 Feb 2017], available at http://www.news.com.au/national/breaking-news/look-at-japan-for-clean-coal-power/news-story/784d9cb50af857bfa8cbc9f5bc90acc8
  7. Fackler, Martin, “As Oil Prices Rise, Nations Revive Coal Mining” dated 22 May 2008 in The New York Times [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/22/business/worldbusiness/22mines.html?mcubz=0
  8. Fukushima, Atsushi, “Coal and Environmental Issues in Northeast Asia” dated March 2004 in The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ) website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://eneken.ieej.or.jp/en/data/pdf/242.pdf
  9. Go Musee Japan, “Mikasa City Museum” in the Go Musee website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://go-musee.com/archives/general/221/
  10. Guardian writers, “Undiscovered south-east Asia: remote towns and secret beaches” dated 10 May 2017 in The Guardian [downloaded on 10 May 2017], available at https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2017/may/10/undiscovered-asia-thailand-vietnam-cambodia-laos-bali-beaches-islands
  11. Hewett, Jennifer, “Japan has good reason to burn coal for electricity” dated 3 Feb 2017 in The Australian Financial Review website [downloaded on 3 Feb 2017], available at http://www.afr.com/business/mining/coal/japan-has-good-reason-to-burn-coal-for-electricity-20170202-gu4csz
  12. Hokkaido Bibai City Portal site, “Arte Piazza Bibai” dated 2008 in the PiPa Hokkaido Bibai City Portal website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at https://www.pipaoi.jp/fl/en/artepiazzabibai/
  13. Hokkaido International Center, Japan International Cooperation Agency, Regional and Industrial Promotion Study in Hokkaido Study Report (Japan: Hokkaido International Center, Japan International Cooperation Agency, Hamanasu Foundation), 2015Google Scholar
  14. Hokkaido Tourism Organization (Hokkaido Department of Policy Planning and Coordination, Bureau of Transportation Policy, Transportation Policy Planning Division), “The area surrounding Sapporo, Otaru and Noboribetsu (Central Hokkaido)” in the Hokkaido Tourism Organization website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://shinkansen-access.visit-hokkaido.jp/en/area/area04/spot0408.html
  15. International Energy Agency (IEA), “Emergence of Southeast Asia as energy giant carries risks, opportunities” dated 8 October 2015 in the IEA website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at https://www.iea.org/newsroom/news/2015/october/emergence-of-southeast-asia-as-energy-giant-carries-risks-opportunities.html
  16. Japan Coal Energy Center (JCOAL), “Programs for Technology Transfer to Overseas” dated 2017 in the JCOAL website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.jcoal.or.jp/eng/work/05/
  17. Japan Times, “Nuke crisis a boon for struggling coal mines” dated 31 March 2012 in the Japan Times website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2012/03/31/national/nuke-crisis-a-boon-for-struggling-coal-mines/#.WUXDzOuGOpo
  18. Japan Times, “Tourists take part in a ‘mountain rail bike’ tour on the abandoned Kamioka Railway in Hida, Gifu” dated 23 May 2017 in the Japan Times website [downloaded on 23 May 2017], available at https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/05/23/national/efforts-afoot-turn-abandoned-rural-train-lines-tourist-attractions/#.WZo9oD4jGUk
  19. Japan Travel and Tourism Association, “Bibai City Tomei Park” dated 2014 in The Must-see Japan website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.nihon-kankou.or.jp.e.wp.hp.transer.com/sakura/searchDetail.jsp?ken__=hokkaido&shi__=01215&id__=S0127
  20. Jiji Press Photo, “Japan Coal Mine” dated 8 August 2014 in the Jiji Press Photo website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://jijiphoto.photoshelter.com/image/I0000WV746N7o9aU
  21. Johnson, Keith, “Japan Bets on Nuclear, and Coal, for Future Power” dated 8 April 2015 in Foreign Policy website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/04/08/japan-bets-on-nuclear-and-coal-for-future-power/
  22. Kasuga, Yutaka, “Transfer and development of coal-mine technology in Hokkaido” dated 1982 in the Series: Japanese Experience of the UNU Human and Social Development Programme series; 48 [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at https://d-arch.ide.go.jp/je_archive/pdf/workingpaper/je_unu48.pdf
  23. Koppenborg, Florentine, “Will the silent comeback of coal threaten Japan’s climate goals?” dated 6 April 2017 in the East Asia Forum website [downloaded on 6 April 2017], available at http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2017/04/06/will-the-silent-comeback-of-coal-threaten-japans-climate-goals/
  24. Kushiro City Museum, “Kushiro City Museum” in the City of Kushiro website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at https://www.city.kushiro.lg.jp/common/000052727.pdf
  25. Kusuhara, Naoki, “Some Problems of Unemployed Laborers in Coal Mining Industry” in The science reports of the Tohoku University 7th series, Geography Vol. 17 No. 1 (Japan: Tohoku University), 1968, pp. 105–116Google Scholar
  26. Lim, Tai Wei, Energy Transitions in Japan and China: Mine Closures, Rail Developments, and Energy Narratives (UK: Palgrave Macmillan), 2016.Google Scholar
  27. Lim, Tai Wei, “The State of Coal Industry in Northeast Asia” dated 10 August 2017 in IPP Review website [downloaded on 10 August 2017], available at http://ippreview.com/index.php/Blog/single/id/527.html
  28. Lohr, Steve, “Japan’s Big Energy Setback” dated 27 Oct 1981 in The New York Times website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.nytimes.com/1981/10/27/business/japan-s-big-energy-setback.html
  29. Martin, Benjamin, “Japanese Mining Labor: The Miike Strike” dated Feb 1961 in Far Eastern Survey Vol. 30 No. 2 (American Council, Institute of Pacific Relations), 1959, pp. 26–30.Google Scholar
  30. McHugh, Babs, “Japanese government planning to build 45 new coal fired power stations to diversify supply” dated 1 February 2017 in the ABC website [downloaded on 1 Feb 2017], available at http://www.abc.net.au/news/rural/2017-01-31/japan-coal-power-plants/8224302
  31. Mealey, Rachel, “Japan spruiks ‘highly efficient’ coal-fired power plants as stop-gap measure to Australia’s energy crisis” dated 1 June 2017 [downloaded on 1 June 2017], available at http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-01/japan-spruiks-coal-fired-power-plants-to-australia/8577464
  32. Mikasa City, “The City of Mikasa: a great place where you can enjoy!!” in the Mikasa City website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.city.mikasa.hokkaido.jp/hotnews/detail/00001591.html
  33. Minh, Nghia, Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry, “Vietnam – Japan Strengthening Cooperation in Coal Mining” dated 22 April 2013 in the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://vccinews.com/news_detail.asp?news_id=28298
  34. Mizu no Kamuy Tourism Area, “Kushiro City 2 Festivals in Kushiro” in the Mizu no Kamuy Tourism Area website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://kam-kankouken.jp/tourism/en/kushiro/special/459.html
  35. Mogi, Chikako and Yuki Hagiwara (Bloomberg), “Deserted Yubari tries creating new population nucleus in test case for Japan” dated 26 September 2016 in Japan Times website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/09/26/business/deserted-yubari-tries-creating-new-population-nucleus-test-case-japan/#.WUcPReuGOpo
  36. Myllyvirta, Lauri, “Southeast Asia is planning 400 new coal power plants—what does that mean?” dated 13 January 2017 in the Energydesk Greenpeace website [downloaded on 13 Jan 2017], available at http://energydesk.greenpeace.org/2017/01/13/southeast-asia-coal-plans-health-japan-indonesia/
  37. NHK World, “Yubari: Mining the Nostalgia” dated 25 Oct 2016 in the NHK WORLD TV Journeys in Japan website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/tv/journeys/journey_20161025.html
  38. Ong, Han Sean, “Sungai Lembing’s evolution from a tin-mining hub to a tourist destination” dated 20 March 2014 in The Star Online [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.thestar.com.my/news/community/2014/03/20/tunnels-from-a-glorious-past-sungai-lembings-evolution-from-a-tinmining-hub-to-a-tourist-destination/
  39. Raslan, Karim, “An Indonesian Gold Hunter Dreams of Better Days – in tourism” dated 2 March 2017 in the South China Morning Post (SCMP) website [downloaded on 2 March 2017], available at http://www.scmp.com/week-asia/business/article/2075441/indonesian-gold-hunter-dreams-better-days-tourism
  40. Seaton, Philip, “Depopulation and Financial Collapse in Yūbari: Market Forces, Administrative Folly, or a Warning to Others?” dated Winter 2010 in the Social Science Japan Journal Vol. 13 No. 2 [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017] (UK: Oxford University Press), available at https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/40961265.pdf?refreqid=excelsior:db749056af5c857ae4ec24e37b1de1cf, pp. 227–240
  41. Shimazaki, Naoko, “Support for Workers Displaced in the Decline of the Japanese Coal Industry: Formal and Informal Support” available at http://www.jil.go.jp/english/JLR/documents/2015/JLR46_shimazaki.pdf, pp. 6–27
  42. Streets, David G., “Northeast Asia coal trading center set up in Dalian” dated 1 July 1991 in the Glocom website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.glocom.ac.jp/column/1991/07/energy_and_acid_rain_projectio.html
  43. Taek-Whan Han, “Northeast Asia Environmental Cooperation: Progress and Prospects” dated 23 September 1994 in the Nautilus Institute website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://nautilus.org/trade-and-environment/northeast-asia-environmental-cooperation-progress-and-prospects-3/
  44. Takahara, Kanako, “Yubari tries downsizing to solve fiscal crisis” dated 1 March 2007 in the Japan Times [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2007/03/01/national/yubari-tries-downsizing-to-solve-fiscal-crisis/#.WUoHu-uGOUk
  45. Taniguchi, Masaharu, “Mikasa Geopark Exploring the inner workings of our planet Earth” in the Hokkaido Magazine Kai [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://kai-hokkaido.com/en/feature_vol32_mikasa/
  46. The Guardian, “Yubari, Japan: a city learns how to die” dated 15 August 2014 in The Guardian [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/aug/15/yubari-japan-city-learns-die-lost-population-detroit
  47. Toshitaka, Nagahiro, “Japan’s Coal Cartels in the Interwar Period” dated 17 March 2014 in the World Business History Conference (WBHC) website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.worldbhc.org/files/full%20program/A6_B6_JapanscoalCartelsintheinterwarperiod_ToshitakaNagahiro_.pdf
  48. UPI, “Operators of a Hokkaido coal mine today completed pumping” dated 26 Oct 1981 in the UPI website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.upi.com/Archives/1981/10/26/Operators-of-a-Hokkaido-coal-mine-today-completed-pumping/1687372920400/
  49. U.S. Energy Information Administration, “Chapter 4. Coal” dated 11 May 2016 in International Energy Outlook 2016 [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/ieo/coal.php
  50. Wagner, Wieland, “Saving Japanese Ghost Towns” dated 30 November 2007 in Spiegel Online [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/empty-theme-parks-lower-pay-saving-japanese-ghost-towns-a-520703.html
  51. Walker, Beth, “Chinese Investment Stokes Global Coal Growth” dated 24 September 2016 in The Diplomat [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://thediplomat.com/2016/09/chinese-investment-stokes-global-coal-growth/
  52. Yanagida, Ryozo, “Yubari: Revitalization of coal mining city” dated September 2006 in the Meiji Gakuin University website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.meijigakuin.ac.jp/~hattori/shrinkingcity/page/JAPAN/yuubari-slimmed-103208k.pdf
  53. Yoshimura, Yoshito and the Coal Division Agency of Natural Resources and Energy (Japan), “Closure of Japan’s Last Large-Scale Coal Mine” dated 15 March 2002 in the Institute for International Studies and Training (IIST) World Forum website [downloaded on 1 Jan 2017], available at http://www.iist.or.jp/wf/magazine/0067/0067_E.html

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tai Wei Lim
    • 1
  • Naoko Shimazaki
    • 2
  • Yoshihisa Godo
    • 3
  • Yiru Lim
    • 1
  1. 1.Singapore University of Social SciencesSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Waseda UniversityTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Meiji Gakuin UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations