Comparison of the Impacts of Japan’s Industrialization on the Coal Mining and Agriculture and Forestry Industries

  • Tai Wei Lim
  • Naoko Shimazaki
  • Yoshihisa Godo
  • Yiru Lim


This chapter adopts a comparative lens in comparing the historical changes in the coal mining industry with those in agriculture and forestry, which also belong to the primary sector. There are similarities in the historical performance of these three industries. From the proto-industrialization period to the light industrialization period, the three industries experienced relatively good performance. During the post-war heavy industrialization period, the government provided enormous subsidies to the three industries. This income redistribution policy contributed to post-war Japan’s high economic growth and its prerequisite of social stability by preventing social unrests. This chapter shows that, in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of the economic history of the coal mining industry, comparative studies with other industries in the primary sector are useful.


Industrialization Colin-Klerk model Forestry Subsidies 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tai Wei Lim
    • 1
  • Naoko Shimazaki
    • 2
  • Yoshihisa Godo
    • 3
  • Yiru Lim
    • 1
  1. 1.Singapore University of Social SciencesSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Waseda UniversityTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Meiji Gakuin UniversityTokyoJapan

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