PM2.5 Concentration Forecast Based on Hierarchical Sparse Representation

  • Rui Zhao
  • Bingjian LuEmail author
  • Zhenyu Lu
  • Hengde Zhang
  • Tianming Zhan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 550)


This paper proposes hierarchical sparse representation (H-SRC) to predict PM2.5 Concentration. It selects factors from observational data in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei. Its time is from January to March in 2013–2017. Then, it constructs 4000 samples of historical databases based on fuzzy C means algorithm (FCM). Input Meteorology factors predicted by Rapid Refresh Multi-scale Analysis & Prediction System-CHEM (RMAPS-CHEM) and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), use the first-level sparse representation to classify test samples and the second-level sparse representation to regress test samples, then it predict the PM2.5 Concentration. Experiment with the data in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei between January and March, 2018, reveals that the method in this paper can increase the accuracy and reduce mean absolute error. The accuracy by hierarchical sparse representation is 25.28%, 13.34%, 14.28%, 23.08% higher than RMAPS-CHEM in 0–35 \( \upmu{\text{g}}/{\text{m}}^{3} \), 75–115 \( \upmu{\text{g}}/{\text{m}}^{3} \), 115–150 \( \upmu{\text{g}}/{\text{m}}^{3} \), 150–250 \( \upmu{\text{g}}/{\text{m}}^{3} \), while absolute errors are all lower than RMAPS-CHEM. At the same time, this method is easy to study and is convenience for the analysis of other meteorological data.


Historical database Sparse representation Regress PM2.5 concentration 



This work has been supported in part by the National Key Research Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFC0203301), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61773220, 61502206), the Nature Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province under Grant (No. BK20150523).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rui Zhao
    • 1
  • Bingjian Lu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zhenyu Lu
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hengde Zhang
    • 1
  • Tianming Zhan
    • 4
  1. 1.National Meteorological CenterBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Electronic and Information EngineeringNanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  3. 3.The Collaborative Innovation Center on Atmospheric Environment and Equipment of JiangsuNanjingChina
  4. 4.Nanjing Audit UniversityNanjingChina

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