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Fruits

  • Atul Bhargava
  • Shilpi Srivastava
Chapter

Abstract

Fruit is the seed-bearing structure in angiosperms formed from the ovary after flowering. However, the term is restricted to the ripened ovaries that are sweet and either succulent or pulpy. Fruits play an important role in the life cycle of the plant in the dispersal of seeds. Fruits are rich sources of vitamins, minerals, fiber, antioxidants, and a range of phytochemicals. Fruits ripen rapidly and are highly perishable due to which they are sometimes difficult to collect and transport. Therefore, apart from consumed as fresh, fruits are also frozen, canned, or dried. The shelf life of fruits can be extended by use of cooling processes like refrigeration or by the removal of oxygen from their storage or packaging containers. Fruits can be eaten raw or processed into different items like juice, jams, and jellies apart from being preserved by dehydration, canning, fermentation, and pickling.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atul Bhargava
    • 1
  • Shilpi Srivastava
    • 2
  1. 1.Amity Institute of BiotechnologyAmity University Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow Campus)LucknowIndia
  2. 2.Amity Institute of BiotechnologyAmity University Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow Campus)LucknowIndia

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