Basic Statistics

  • P. M. Priyadarshan


An outline of application of biometrics in plant breeding is dealt here, as envisaged in syllabi of several universities. However, for an in-depth knowledge of the subject, one may consult advanced books.


Genetic variation Measures of variation Coefficient of variation Probability Normal distribution Statistical hypothesis Standard error of the mean Correlation coefficient (rRegression analysis Heritability Principles of experimental design Completely Randomized Design (CRD) Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) Latin square design Tests of significance Chi-Square Test (for Goodness of Fit) t-Test Analysis of variance Multivariate statistics Cluster analysis Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Principal Coordinate Analysis (PCoA) Multidimensional scaling Path analysis Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium 

Further Reading

  1. Beurton PJ, Falk R et al (eds) (2000) The concept of the gene in development and evolution. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  2. Charmantier A, Garant D (2005) Environmental quality and evolutionary potential: lessons from wild populations. Proc R Soc Biol Sci 272:1415–1425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Falconer DS, Mackay TFC (1996) Introduction to quantitative genetics. Longman, HarlowGoogle Scholar
  4. Feldman MW (1992) Heritability: some theoretical ambiguities. In: Lloyd EA, Fox Keller E (eds) Keywords in evolutionary biology. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, pp 151–157Google Scholar
  5. Gomez KA, Gomez RA (1984) Statistical procedures for agricultural research. Wiley Inter science, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Hill WG et al (2008) Data and theory point to mainly additive genetic variance for complex traits. PLoS Genet 4:e1000008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lynch M, Walsh B (1998) Genetics and analysis of quantitative traits. Sinauer, SunderlandGoogle Scholar
  8. Macgregor S et al (2006) Bias, precision and heritability of self-reported and clinically measured height in Australian twins. Hum Genet 120:571–580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Visscher PM et al (2006) Assumption-free estimation of heritability from genome-wide identity-by-descent sharing between full siblings. Public Libr Sci Genet 2:e41Google Scholar
  10. Visscher PM, Hill WG, Wray NR (2008) Heritability in the genomics era – concepts and misconceptions. Nat Rev Genet 9:255–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Priyadarshan
    • 1
  1. 1.Erstwhile Deputy DirectorRubber Research Institute of IndiaKottayamIndia

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