Germplasm is a collection of various strains and species that accommodates total of all the genes present in a crop and its related species. Germplasm is the basic indispensable ingredient of all breeding programmes, and hence, collection, evaluation and conservation of germplasm types become an integral part of any breeding programme. Usually, the germplasm accessions are conserved in the form of seeds stored at ambient temperature, low temperature or ultralow temperature.
KeywordsSignificance of germplasm conservation In situ conservation Ex situ conservation In vitro germplasm preservation Germplasm regeneration Characterization Evaluation Documentation and distribution Characterization Molecular descriptors Evaluation Passport data Characterization Preliminary evaluation Documentation Standards for data preparation Quarantine information Passport information Herbarium information Field evaluation Gene bank information Germplasm collecting missions database Distribution of germplasm FAO and plant genetic resources FAO commission on plant genetic resources Germplasm – international vs. Indian scenario Plant introduction Historical perspective Plant introduction – the international scenario Import regulations Plant germplasm import and export Plant introduction in India Conservation of endangered species/crop varieties
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