Breeding Cross-Pollinated Crops

  • P. M. Priyadarshan


While methods for improving self-pollinated species tend to focus on improving individual plants, improving cross-pollinated species, on the other hand, tends to focus on improving a population of plants. A population is a large group of interbreeding individuals. The principles of population genetics are applied to effect changes in the genetic structure of a population. The change is such that only desirable genotypes predominate in the population. In this process of changing gene frequencies, new genotypes will arise. This genetic variability must be maintained so that they can be utilized for further improvements in the future.


Selection of cross-pollinated crops Mass selection Recurrent selection Intra-population improvement methods Individual plant selection methods Family selection methods 

Further Reading

  1. Hoyos-Villegas et al (2018) QuLinePlus: extending plant breeding strategy and genetic model simulation to cross-pollinated populations—case studies in forage breeding. Heredity. Scholar
  2. Fasoulas AC, Fasoula VA (1995) The honeycomb selection designs. In: Janick J (ed) Plant breeding reviews, vol 13. Wiley, New York, pp 87–139Google Scholar
  3. Fasoula, Fasoula (2002) Principles underlying genetic improvement for high and stable crop yield potential. Field Crop Res 75:191–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fasoula DA, Tokatlidis IS (2012) Development of crop cultivars by honeycomb breeding. Agron Sustain Dev 32:161–180. Scholar
  5. Fasoula DA (2012) nonstop selection for high and stable crop yield by two prognostic equations to reduce yield losses. Agriculture 2:211–227. Scholar
  6. Fasoula VA (2013) Prognostic breeding: a new paradigm for crop improvement. In: Janick J (ed) Plant breeding reviews, vol 37. Wiley, New York, pp 297–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fasoula VA, Thompson KC, Mauromoustakos A (2019) The prognostic breeding application JMP Add-In Program. Agronomy 9(1):25. Scholar
  8. Ceccarelli S (2014) Efficiency of Plant breeding. Crop Sci 55:87–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Zhao et al (2015) Genomic selection in hybrid breeding. Plant Breed 134:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Stoddard FL (2017) Climate change can affect crop pollination in unexpected ways. J Exp Bot 68:1819–1821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Wu Y et al (2016) Development of a novel recessive genetic male sterility system for hybrid seed production in maize and other cross-pollinating crops. Plant Biotechnol J 14:1046–1054CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Priyadarshan
    • 1
  1. 1.Erstwhile Deputy DirectorRubber Research Institute of IndiaKottayamIndia

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