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Introduction to Plant Breeding

  • P. M. Priyadarshan
Chapter

Abstract

David Allen Sleper and John Milton Poehlman gave the definition for plant breeding as: “Plant Breeding is the art and science of improving heredity of plants for the benefit of humankind”. Above all others, this is the best-suited definition for plant breeding.

Keywords

Scientific basis of plant breeding World food scenario Contributions of conventional plant breeding International Research Centres Plant domestication Pre-Mendelian Post-Mendelian Norman Borlaug and green revolution Semi-dwarf varieties of wheat and rice Facets of plant breeding Omics Genetic diversity Germplasm grouping Quantitative variation Mapping traits Genotype-by-environment interactions Phenotyping Phenomics Future challenges 

Further Reading

  1. Baenziger SP, Al-Otyak SM (2007) Plant breeding in the twenty-first century. Afr Crop Sci Conf Proc 8:1–3Google Scholar
  2. Birchler JA, Han F (2018) Barbara McClintock’s unsolved chromosomal mysteries: parallels to common rearrangements and karyotype evolution. Plant Cell 30:771–779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bouis HE, Saltzman A (2017) Improving nutrition through biofortification: a review of evidence from HarvestPlus, 2003 through 2016. Glob Food Sec 12:49–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bradshaw JE (2017) Plant breeding: past, present and future. Euphytica 213:60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cowling (2013) Sustainable plant breeding. Plant Breed 132:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ferrante A et al (2017) Plant breeding for improving nutrient uptake and utilization efficiency. Advances in research on Fertilization management of vegetable crops. Part of the Advances in Olericulture book series (ADOL), pp. 221–246Google Scholar
  7. Plant breeding: the art of bringing science to life. Highlights of the 20th EUCARPIA General Congress, Zurich, Switzerland, 29 August–1 September 2016Google Scholar
  8. Schlegel RHJ (2017) History of plant breeding. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Snir A, Nadel D, Groman-Yaroslavski I, Melamed Y, Sternberg M, Bar-Yosef O et al (2015) The origin of cultivation and proto-weeds, long before neolithic farming. PLoS One 10(7):e0131422.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131422CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Wesesler J, Zilberman D (2017) Golden rice: no progress to be seen. Do we still need it? Environ Develop Econom 22:107–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Priyadarshan
    • 1
  1. 1.Erstwhile Deputy DirectorRubber Research Institute of IndiaKottayamIndia

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