From Black Liquor to Green Material: Enzymatic Valorization of Pulp Industry Byproducts

  • Susana GouveiaEmail author
  • Diego Moldes
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 31)


Kraft lignin (byproduct of the Kraft cooking process) was isolated from the black liquor to study and optimize the experimental conditions for its enzymatic polymerization. Lignin polymerization was used as binder in the manufacture of medium density fiberboards (MDF) with no synthetic adhesives. The objective of this study was to produce MDF totally free of adhesives, where wood fibers were bonded together due solely to the bonds created by enzymatic polymerization of the lignin in the fibers. The addition of Kraft lignin to the wood fibers before the MDF manufacture significantly improved the mechanical and dimensional properties of the board. Some of the produced pilot-scale MDF have properties that meet the standards to be marketed. In this way, a completely free MDF synthetic adhesives were obtained valuing simultaneously a byproduct from the pulp industry available worldwide on a large scale.


Green material Black liquor Enzymatic valorization Pulp byproduct Polymerization 



Ence (Spain) is gratefully acknowledged for supplying the black liquor. Novozymes (Denmark) is also kindly acknowledged for supplying the laccase from M. thermophila. This work was supported by Xunta de Galicia (projects 09TMT012E and EM2014/041), ERDF Funds and Ministry of Science and Innovation (project CTQ2009-13651) and by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia – Portugal through grant POP-QREN BD 42684/2008.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical EngineeringUniversity of VigoVigoSpain

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