Geotechnical and Chemical Engineering Properties for Incinerated Ash and Mixtures

  • SunayanaEmail author
  • Davinder Singh
  • Komal Kalawapudi
  • Akash Priyadarshee
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 31)


India is reeling under huge pressure of managing its quantum of waste because of its direct proportionality to the population of the country. Once it is generated, the next step is to dispose it by any prevailing or advanced methods that are practiced for waste management. The real challenge lies in the huge cost that is incurred while disposing it of by any method. To overcome from the cost burden, mostly landfills serves as the end phase of waste management. The issue that rises from such practice is the use of huge land area just for dumping waste and with time, the availability is also reducing at a fast pace. The paper aims at reducing the flow of end materials going to landfills by focussing on the properties of incinerated ash. In this paper, incinerated ash with its physical, chemical, and geotechnical engineering properties are discussed to find the reuse. The paper also aims to introduce to the generation of biomedical incinerated ash and divert the attention toward its management as well. The paper discusses on “ash in its received form (A-R)” behavior and interaction with soil and with clay. The paper highlights tests which are important to understand the engineering properties of the mixture before reusing those in any building industry.


Incineration ash Particle-size distribution Moisture–density relationship Permeability Direct shear pH 


  1. Acosta H, Edil T, Benson C (2003) Soil stabilization and drying using fly ash. Geo Engineering Rep. No. 03-03, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WisGoogle Scholar
  2. Arvaniti EC, Juenger MCG, Bernal SA, Duchesne J, Courard L, Leroy S, Provis JL, Klemm A, Belie ND (2014) Determination of particle size, surface area, and shape of supplementary cementitious materials by different techniques. Mater StructGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang AC, Lund LJ, Page AL, Warneke JE (1979) Physical properties of fly ashamended soils. J Environ Qual 6(267):270Google Scholar
  4. Gray DH, Lin YK (1972) Engineering properties of compacted fly ash. J Soil Mech Found Eng ASCE 98:361–380Google Scholar
  5. Jones CC, Amos DF (1976) Physical changes in Virginia soils resulting from additions of high rates of fly ash. In: Proceedings of fourth international ash utilization symposium. U.S. Bureau of Mines, St. Louis, pp 62–631Google Scholar
  6. Kaakinen JW, Jorden RM, Lawasani MH, West RE (1975) Trace element behavior ina coal-fired power plant. Environ Sci Technol 9:862–869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Muhunthan B, Taha R, Said J (2004) Geotechnical engineering properties of incinerator ash mixes. J Air Waste Manag Assoc 54(8):985–991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pandian NS (2004) Fly ash characterization with reference to geotechnical applications. J Indian Inst Sci. Nov-Dec. 84:189–216Google Scholar
  9. Phung HT, Lam HV, Page AL, Lund LJ (1979) The practice of leaching boron andsoluble salts from fly ash amended soils. Water Air Soil Pollut 12:247–254Google Scholar
  10. Santos F, Li L, Li Y, Amini F (2011) Geotechnical properties of fly ash and soil mixtures for use in highway embankments. In: World of coal ash (WOCA) conference. Denver, CO, USAGoogle Scholar
  11. Shaw KY, Tay JH, Goh ATC (2003) Reuse of incineration fly-ash in soft soil stabilization. J Mater Civ Engg ASCE 15(4):335–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Singh Z, Jayaram J, Tilak VM (2001) An introduction to essentials of bio-medical waste management. J MJAFI 57(2):144–147Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunayana
    • 1
    Email author
  • Davinder Singh
    • 1
  • Komal Kalawapudi
    • 1
  • Akash Priyadarshee
    • 1
  1. 1.Mumbai Zonal Centre, CSIR-NEERIMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations