Where Do Young Children Go? Provisioning in Early Childhood Education

  • Purnima Ramanujan
  • Nayan Dave


Parents are increasingly choosing fee-paying private school education over free government school education for their children, and there is evidence of similar shifts in enrolment trends for young children at the preschool stage. This chapter consolidates evidence on early childhood education (ECE) provisioning in India from multiple sources. Specifically, it examines associations between village-level characteristics and private preschool provisioning using data from the India Early Childhood Education Impact (IECEI) study. Our results indicate that significant and positive associations exist between certain infrastructural and demographic characteristics of villages and private preschool provisioning. In the context of increasing privatization of education, identifying supply-side factors associated with private preschools is important for disentangling issues of access and supply from the demand for private preschools.


Early childhood education Private preschool provisioning India 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Purnima Ramanujan
    • 1
  • Nayan Dave
    • 2
  1. 1.ASER CentreNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Oxford Policy Management (OPM)New DelhiIndia

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