Role of Indigenous Technology Knowledge in Biological Control of Crop Diseases Under Organic Agriculture in India: An Overview

  • Shamarao Jahagirdar
  • Gududatta Hegade
  • S. A. Astaputre
  • D. N. Kambrekar
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 13)


Crop diseases take a heavy toll in agriculture. The estimated loss due to diseases alone ranges between 15% and 20% annually. The loss is more in perishable and storage losses. The contamination by several storage fungi has often led to aflatoxin production and food spoilage. This has led to increased concern over food safety and security in India. The recent thrust on organic agriculture will answer all these questions. Disease management strategies in organic agriculture aim at long-term sustainable management strategies in a holistic approach. Under organic agriculture, traditional methods form the basis of management of plant diseases in low input situations. The ancient Indian literature documents use of plant products, animal products, and wastes for curing diseases of human beings and plants. The research efforts made on managing the diseases of banana, black pepper, tobacco, and soybean are discussed in this book chapter.


Organic agriculture Plant disease management Traditional knowledge Seed treatment 


  1. Baker KF, Cook RJ (1974). Biological control of plant pathogens. W. H. Freeman and Company, USA, pp 433–452Google Scholar
  2. Bhaskar P (1994) Integrated management of Fusarium wilt of tomato. PhD thesis submitted to Department of Plant Pathology, UAS, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  3. Glick BR (1995) The enhancement of plant growth by free-living bacteria. Can J Microbiol 41:109–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kulkarni S (2004) Trichodema – a potential bioagent of millennium, pp 36–44. Paper presented in 13th southern regional conference on microbial inoculants. Microbes: wheels of organic farming held at Agril. College, Bijapur from 3 to 5 December 2004, 110ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Mukhopadhyay AN (1987) Biological control of soil borne plant pathogens by Trihoderma spp. Indian J Mycol Plant Pathol 17:1–10Google Scholar
  6. Ryu C-M, Farag MA, Paré PW, Kloepper JW (2005) Invisible signals from the underground: bacterial volatiles elicit plant growth promotion and induce systemic resistance. Plant Pathol J 21(1):7–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Shamarao J (1998) Etiology and management of foot rot of black pepper. Ph. D thesis submitted to Department of Plant Pathology, UAS, Bangalore, 110ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Shamarao J, Hundekar AR (2007a) Eco-friendly strategies in the integrated management of root-knot nematode of bidi tobacco P. 181 182. In Proceedings of third Asian conference on plant pathology held at Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia from 20 to 24 August 2007, 344ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Shamarao J, Hundekar AR (2007b) Eco-friendly strategies in the integrated management of root-knot nematode in bidi tobacco-2003 to 2004, (part I). Indian J Plant Prot 35(2):329–330. (IF 3.5)Google Scholar
  10. Shamarao J, Hundekar AR (2008) Eco-friendly strategies in the integrated management of root-knot nematode of bidi tobacco, 2003–2006. Plant Dis Manage Rep 2 (APS, Online Journal). PDMR, N:032Google Scholar
  11. Shamarao J, Siddaramiah AL, Narayanswmy H (1997) Mass multiplication of bio-control agent Trichoderma viride. Karnataka J Agric Sci 11:233–236Google Scholar
  12. Shamarao J, Siddaramaih AL, Chandrappa HM (2000a) Eco-friendly integrated management of foot rot of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). Mysore J Agric Sci 34:47–54Google Scholar
  13. Shamarao J, Siddaramiah AL, Ramaswamy GR (2000b) Influence of biocontrol agents and MPG-3 on Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense as incitant of panama disease of banana. Plant Dis Res 15:241–243Google Scholar
  14. Shamarao J, Patil MS, Indira S (2001) Biological control of charcoal rot of sorghum caused by Macrophomina phaseolina. Agric Sci Dig 21(3):153–156Google Scholar
  15. Shamarao J Biradar BD, Nageshwar Rao TG (2003) Application of Pseudomonas fluorescens as low cost eco-friendly technology for management of charcoal rot of rabi sorghum caused by Macrophomina phaseolina in Northern Karnataka. Paper presented in 6th international PGPR workshop held at IISR, Calicut from 5 to 10 October 2003, 634–637ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Shamarao J, Kajjidoni ST, Matiwade PS, Devappa V (2008) Management of tobacco mosaic virus in bidi tobacco in Karnataka through organics. Proceedings of national symposium on plant protection held at UAS, Bangalore from 4 to 6 DecemberGoogle Scholar
  17. Shamarao J, Patil PV, Basavaraja GT (2009) Role of indigenous technology knowledge in the management of Asian soybean rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi in India. In: Proceedings of world soybean research conference VIII held at Beijing, China from 10 to 15 August 2009Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shamarao Jahagirdar
    • 1
  • Gududatta Hegade
    • 1
  • S. A. Astaputre
    • 1
  • D. N. Kambrekar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of Agricultural SciencesDharwadIndia

Personalised recommendations