Cardiac Malposition

  • In Sook Park
  • Hyun Woo Goo


This chapter includes types, morphology, and diagnosis of cardiac malposition, including pentalogy of Cantrell. A novel classification of criss-cross heart (twisted AV connection) is presented with images of real patients with each types of criss-cross heart.


Dextrocardia Levocardia Mesocardia Dextroposition Situs solitus Situs inversus Scimitar syndrome Lung hypoplasia Pentalogy of Cantrell Diverticulum Criss-cross heart Twisted AV connection 

Suggested Reading

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    Korver AM, Haas F, Freund MW, Strengers JL. Pentalogy of Cantrell: successful early correction. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008;29:146–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Yoo SJ, Seo JW, Lim TH, Park IS, et al. Hearts with twisted atrioventricular connections: Findings at MR imaging. Radiology. 1993;188:109–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • In Sook Park
    • 1
  • Hyun Woo Goo
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric CardiologyUniversity of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical CenterSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical CenterSeoulSouth Korea

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