Axial Shift pp 125-149 | Cite as

A Décollage of Kropotkin, Mumford, Boulding, Bookchin, and Schumacher

  • Benjamen GussenEmail author


In the previous chapter, we looked at the Tower of Babel Syndrome and how scale distortions resulted in the current ecological crisis. This chapter builds on that analysis by outlining a common diagnostic that runs through the writings of Peter Kropotkin, Lewis Mumford, Kenneth Boulding, Murray Bookchin, and Ernst F. Schumacher. In particular, the return to local autonomy is seen as the sine qua non for solving the ecological, political, social, and economic crises facing humanity today. A biological analogy runs through this chapter and builds on physiological (functional) and morphological (structural) parallels between social organizations (including polities) and biological organisms. I delineate this analogy in Sect. 5.1.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of LawSwinburne University of TechnologyMelbourneAustralia

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