Personalized Adaptive Learning: An Emerging Pedagogical Approach Enabled by a Smart Learning Environment

  • Hongchao PengEmail author
  • Shanshan Ma
  • Jonathan Michael Spector
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Educational Technology book series (LNET)


Smart devices and intelligent technologies are enabling a smart learning environment to effectively promote the development of personalized learning and adaptive learning, in line with the trend of accelerating the integration of both. In this regard, we introduce a new teaching method enabled by a smart learning environment, which is a form of personalized adaptive learning. In order to clearly explain this approach, we have analyzed its two pillars: personalized learning and adaptive learning. From this analysis, we have also explored the core elements of personalized adaptive learning and its core concepts. On this basis, we further construct a framework of personalized adaptive learning. We hope this paper will provide readers with a clear understanding of personalized adaptive learning, and serve as an endeavor to contribute to future studies and practices.


smart learning environment data decision-making personalized learning adaptive learning man-machine collaboration 


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This paper was funded by the State Scholarship Fund of China Scholarship Council.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongchao Peng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shanshan Ma
    • 2
  • Jonathan Michael Spector
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Education Information Technology, Faculty of EducationEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Learning TechnologiesCollege of Information, University of North TexasDentonUSA

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