Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria: Biotic Strategy to Cope with Abiotic Stresses in Wheat

  • O. Lastochkina
  • S. Aliniaeifard
  • M. Seifikalhor
  • R. Yuldashev
  • L. Pusenkova
  • S. Garipova


Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) are beneficial free-living soil, rhizospheric, epiphytic, and endophytic microorganisms capable to stimulate plant growth and increase host plant resistance and tolerance to a wide range of biotic and abiotic stresses. A number of PGPB associated with wheat and different cereals have been identified comprising bacterial strains belonging to such genera as Bacillus, Azospirillum, Arthrobacter, Acinetobacter, Azotobacter, Citricoccus, Lysinibacillus, Burkholderia, Paenibacillus, Serratia, Pseudomonas, etc. Several studies have confirmed that some species of bacteria associated with the rhizosphere of plants are useful for growth, development, and formation of yield and quality of agricultural crops. Furthermore, those bacteria which are capable to colonize internal plant tissues, namely, endophytes, may be more successful (compared to rhizospheric bacteria) in the promotion of plant growth and development under both normal and long-term stress conditions. PGPB-induced development of defense responses and the formation of tolerance under the exposure to various abiotic stresses have been demonstrated in numerous plants, including wheat. The mechanisms of such physiological effect of PGPB on host plants are believed to be varied, intertwined, and specific; PGPB positively affects on plants through biosynthesis of numerous biologically active compounds, for instance, substances with antibiotic and insecticidal activities, biosurfactants, siderophores, chelators, phytohormones, enzymes, and nitrogen fixation, regulating the level of ethylene in plants, and improving macro−/micronutrient bioavailability, development of systemic resistance to diseases, and tolerance to abiotic stresses with involving salicylate-dependent or jasmonate-dependent signaling pathways. In this review, the role of beneficial PGPB in ameliorating the many deleterious consequences during abiotic stresses has been considered. Besides, B. subtilis’ efficiency on abiotic stress tolerance induction in wheat according to their ecological groups (ecotypes) is discussed as well.


PGPB B. subtilis Wheat Abiotic stress tolerance Systemic resistance 



abscisic acid




ascorbate peroxidase


energy supply






electrical conductivity




flavodiiron proteins


glycine betaine


glutathione reductase


high light


heavy metal


heat stress transcription factors


high temperature


indole-3-acetic acid


induced systemic resistance


induced systemic tolerance


jasmonic acid




membrane stability index


nitrogen oxide


non-photochemical quenching




phenylalanine ammonia lyase


polyethylene glycol


photosystem I


photosystem II


plant growth-promoting bacteria


plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria


pH gradient


reactive oxygen species


ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase


relative water content


salicylic acid


systemic acquired resistance


superoxide dismutase


transcript-derived fragments


total soluble sugar


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Lastochkina
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Aliniaeifard
    • 3
  • M. Seifikalhor
    • 4
  • R. Yuldashev
    • 2
  • L. Pusenkova
    • 1
  • S. Garipova
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Bashkir Research Institute of Agriculture – Subdivision of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics – Subdivision of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia
  3. 3.College of Aburaihan, University of TehranPakdasht, TehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Plant Biology, Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms in Iran, School of Biology, College of Science, University of TehranTehranIran
  5. 5.Bashkir State UniversityUfaRussia

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