Induction of Wheat Plant Resistance to Stressors by Donors of Nitric Oxide and Hydrogen Sulfide

  • Yu. E. Kolupaev
  • Yu. V. Karpets
  • Т. О. Yastreb


The phenomenology and mechanisms of induction of resistance of wheat plants against stress temperatures, drought, salinity, and other adverse abiotic factors by the action of donors of signal molecules – nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) – are considered. The ways of synthesis of NO and H2S in plant cells are briefly described. The participation of other signal mediators (in particular, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium ions) is analyzed in the realization of stress-protective effects of exogenous NO and H2S. The data on change in the endogenous content of NO and H2S in plants under the action of stressors are analyzed. Attention is focused on the effect of these signal molecules on the state of antioxidant and osmoprotective systems, activation of which defines the development of resistance of wheat plants to stressors of different natures.


Triticum Nitric oxide Hydrogen sulfide Reactive oxygen species Abiotic stress Signaling Antioxidant system Adaptation 



abscisic acid


ascorbate peroxidase;




cyclic guanosine monophosphate




ethylene glycol-bis(2-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid


flavin adenine dinucleotide


flavin mononucleotide


glutathione sulfonamide


reduced glutathione




oxidized glutathione


hydrogen sulfide


NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester

MAP kinase

mitogen-activated protein kinase




nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide


nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate


nitric oxide;


nitric oxide synthase




polyethylene glycol






reactive nitrogen species


reactive oxygen species


sodium nitroprusside


superoxide dismutase


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. E. Kolupaev
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yu. V. Karpets
    • 1
  • Т. О. Yastreb
    • 1
  1. 1.Dokuchaev Kharkiv National Agrarian UniversityKharkivUkraine
  2. 2.Karazin Kharkiv National UniversityKharkivUkraine

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