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Forest as a Sink of Carbon in Global and Nepalese Context

  • Anup K. C.
Chapter

Abstract

Forest plays a great role to absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) present in the air and store in its floral parts and the soil. The amount it sinks varies according to the time, type of vegetation, geographical area, and the management strategy applied on it. It is an important method of reducing current global climate change problem and increasing ecosystem balance. This chapter is prepared with the help of review of researches on carbon stock (CS) and carbon (C) sequestration in the global and Nepalese context. Different methodological issues and findings on CS are documented in this chapter. There are different studies conducted throughout the globe about assessment of CS and C sequestration rate. These studies have used different methodologies for assessing C stored in tree, shrub, dry leaf, herbs, grass, and soil. Most of the researchers have used allometric equations for analyzing C in aboveground biomass, laboratory analysis for soil organic carbon (SOC), and root to shoot ratio for C in belowground biomass. There was variation of CS in its tree; sapling; leaf litter, herbs, and grass (LHG); and soil. Also, it varies across different species and location. But, the amount of C stored by forest was increasing with the passage of time. The average CS around the world is 73 tons per hectare having the highest in South America with 122 tons per hectare and the lowest in Europe with 45 tons per hectare. The average CS in tree component of Nepal is 108.88 tons per hectare, litter and debris is 1.18 tons per hectare, and soil is 66.88 tons per hectare. Management strategy has greater influence on C storage and sequestration. Monetary incentives such as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) schemes and payment for ecological services to the managers would help to absorb more CO2 from the atmosphere and reduce the rate of greenhouse gas emission.

Keywords

Carbon sink Forest Global and Nepalese context Methodologies 

Abbreviations

ANSAB

Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources

C

Carbon

CF

Community forest

CO2

Carbon dioxide

CP

Carbon pool

CS

Carbon stock

DBH

Diameter at breast height

GPS

Global positioning system

ICIMOD

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

LHG

Leaf litter, herbs, and grass

Mg

Megagram

m2

Square meter

REDD

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

ton/ha

Tons per hectare

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anup K. C.
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science, Amrit CampusTribhuvan UniversityKathmanduNepal
  2. 2.Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism ManagementClemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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