Advertisement

Simulation Study on Collaborative Evacuation Among Stairs and Elevators in High-Rise Building

  • Xiaodong Liu
  • Hui ZhangEmail author
  • Ping Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 890)

Abstract

In order to improve the efficiency of occupant evacuation in high-rise and intelligent buildings, this paper analyzes the disadvantages of traditional emergency evacuation in high-rise buildings and conducts the feasibility analysis of using an elevator as the evacuation tool. With the help of evacuation software, Pathfinder, simulation experiments are given to study the collaborative strategies among stairs and elevators under partial and total building evacuation. Results show that with the guarantee of safety and reliability, an elevator is a very efficient tool to evacuate occupants in high-rise buildings, especially those mobility impaired occupants. Combination of stairs and elevator can not only reduce the evacuation time but also shorten the occupants’ travel distance.

Keywords

High-rise building Intelligent evacuation Elevator and stairs 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by National Key Research and Development Project of China No. 2017YFC0704100 (entitled New generation intelligent building platform techniques), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 71704091), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2017M610917)

References

  1. 1.
    Peacock, R.: Cooperative Research on the Use of Elevators During Fire Emergencies, in National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 1620 (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Luh, P.B., Xiong, B., Chang, S.C.: Group elevator scheduling with advance information for normal and emergency modes. IEEE Trans. Autom. Sci. Eng. 5(2), 245–258 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ma, J., Lo, S.M., Song, W.G.: Cellular automaton modeling approach for optimum ultra high-rise building evacuation design. Fire Saf. J. 54, 57–66 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kinateder, M.T., Omori, H., Kuligowski, E.D.: The use of elevators for evacuation in fire emergencies in international buildings-NIST (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bukowski, R.W.: Addressing the needs of people using elevators for emergency evacuation. Fire Technol. 48(1), 127–136 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ronchi, E., Nilsson, D.: Modelling total evacuation strategies for high-rise buildings. Build. Simul. 7(1), 73–87 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen, J., Ma, J., Lo, S.M.: Event-driven modeling of elevator assisted evacuation in ultra high-rise buildings. Simul. Modell. Pract. Theory 74, 99–116 (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Butler, K., Kuligowski, E.: Perspectives of occupants with mobility impairments on evacuation methods for use during fire emergencies. Fire Safety J. 91, 955–963 (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering PhysicsInstitute of Public Safety Research, Tsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations