Advertisement

Postcolonial Citizens

  • Gerry van KlinkenEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Jan Djong emerged from the conservative small-town milieu of church and rajaship to become the district’s republican rebel shortly after World War II. His repertoire was hybrid. It lacked most connection with the institutions of civic deliberation. Instead, he combined modern republican tropes of protest (the “demonstration”) with indigenous ones (tribal warfare). His campaign against the local raja’s dynasty brought together white collar urban republicanism with rural peasant demands for recognition. Although often infused by rough-and-tumble violence, the campaign acted inclusively. It was rewarded with success. At least temporarily.

Keywords

Republicanism Revolution Central state Democracy Citizenship Peasant movements Provincial towns Informality Global south 

References

  1. Alers, Henri J. H. 1956. Om een rode of groene Merdeka: 10 jaren binnenlandse politiek: Indonesië, 1945–1953. Eindhoven: Vulkaan.Google Scholar
  2. Balibar, Étienne. 2015. Citizenship. Polity.Google Scholar
  3. Djong, Jan. 1961. Surat keterangan jang menjatakan bahwa tjalon anggota memenuhi sjarat dimaksud dalam pasal 3 Pen Pres No.5 tahun 1960 (riwayat hidup). Maumere.Google Scholar
  4. DPU. 1981. Rencana kerangka umum kota Maumere. Jakarta Direktorat Tata Kota dan Tata Daerah, Direktorat Jenderal Cipta Karya, Departemen Pekerjaan Umum (DPU) bekerja sama dengan PT Astri Arena.Google Scholar
  5. Dumont, Louis. 1980 (orig French 1966). Homo hierarchicus: the caste system and its implications. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  6. Fanon, Frantz (transl. Charles Lam Markmann). 1986 [orig. Fr. 1952]. Black skin, white masks. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  7. Gomez, E.P. Da, Oscar Pareira Mandalangi, and Kanis Lewar. 2003. Don Thomas peletak dasar Sikka membangun. Maumere: Yayasan Pendidikan Thomas Yapenthom.Google Scholar
  8. Hellwig, Tineke, and Eric Tagliacozzo, eds. 2009. The Indonesia reader: history, culture, politics. Durham and London: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Helmke, Gretchen, and Steven Levitsky. 2004. “Informal institutions and comparative politics: a research agenda.” Perspectives on Politics 2 (4):725–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kalyvas, Stathis N. 2003. “The ontology of political violence: action and identity in civil wars.” Perspectives on Politics 1 (3):475–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Klinken, Gerry van. 2014. The making of Middle Indonesia: middle classes in Kupang town, 1930s–1980s, Power and place in Southeast Asia. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  12. Lerner, Daniel. 1964. The passing of traditional society: modernizing the Middle East. London: Collier.Google Scholar
  13. Lund, Christian. 2006. “Twilight institutions: public authority and local politics in Africa.” Development and Change 37 (4):685–705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Melson, R., and H. Wolpe, eds. 1971. Nigeria: modernization and the politics of communalism. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Metzner, Joachim K. 1982. Agriculture and population pressure in Sikka, Isle of Flores: a contribution to the study of the stability of agricultural systems in the wet and dry tropics, Development Studies Centre; no. 28. Canberra: Australian National University.Google Scholar
  16. Proudhon, Pierre Joseph (transl. Benj. R. Tucker). 1970 [orig Fr 1840]. What is property? An inquiry into the principle of right and of government. New York: Dover.Google Scholar
  17. PUTL. 1977. Rencana kota Maumere. 3 vols. Kupang: Departemen Pekerjaan Umum dan Tenaga Listrik (PUTL), NTT.Google Scholar
  18. Rancière, Jacques. 2001. “Ten theses on politics.” Theory & Event 5 (3).  https://doi.org/10.1353/tae.2001.0028.
  19. Reid, Anthony. 1974. The Indonesian National Revolution 1945–1950. Hawthorne: Longman.Google Scholar
  20. Schrieke, B. 1966. “The causes and effects of communism on the west coast of Sumatra.” In Indonesian Sociological Studies, 83–166. The Hague: Van Hoeve.Google Scholar
  21. Shiraishi, Takashi. 1990. An age in motion: popular radicalism in Java 1912–26. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Sommer, Katharina. 1993. Als der Himmel den Menschen einmal nah war: Erzählungen aus Indonesien. Düsseldorf: Schäfer Verlag.Google Scholar
  23. Sutherland, Heather. 1979. The making of a bureaucratic elite: the colonial transformation of the Javanese priyayi. Singapore: Heinemann.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

Personalised recommendations