Technical and Vocational Education and Training in the Philippines: Development and Status Quo

  • Qiuchen Wu
  • Bin BaiEmail author
  • Xiaolin Zhu
Part of the Perspectives on Rethinking and Reforming Education book series (PRRE)


The Philippines is a Southeast Asian country with a population of over 100 million. Its educational system, influenced by the USA, has in recent years seen rapid growth in the number of vocational education institutions and students. Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in the Philippines can be classified into four types, school-based TVET, center-based TVET, community-based TVET, and enterprise-based TVET. Most TVET schools are private. This article mainly introduces school and center-based TVET and the relevant regulatory authorities. The Philippines guarantees the quality of TVET by making a national qualification framework and a unified TVET program registration and accreditation system. Research shows that TVET in the Philippines currently faces such challenges as unsatisfactory quality, difficulty in student employment, and multi-department non-concerted management.


TVET in the Philippines ASEAN TVET Technical education and skills development authority Belt and road 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Vocational and Adult Education, Beijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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