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Role of PGPR for Alleviating Aluminum Toxicity in Acidic Soil

  • Jintu Dutta
  • Utpal Bora
Chapter
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 12)

Abstract

The soil pH is a very crucial determining factor for the solubility of different metal ions, nutrient availability, and various physical properties. Among different factors, aluminum (Al) toxicity in acidic soil is considered as a limiting factor for plant growth. When soil pH falls to lower than 5, Al is solubilized into different ionic forms and causes toxicity to the plants. In acidic soils, Al limits the growth of roots either by restraining cell division, cell elongation, or both, causing stunted root growth. Moreover, Al ions also form complexes with phosphoric acid which makes phosphorus (P) unavailable to plants. In recent years, considerable efforts have been made to addressing how bacteria respond to the changing environment since the terrestrial ecosystems are increasingly under the pressure of human activities. The agricultural soil is a great example where most human interference occurred. Due to the extensive use of chemicals and pollutants, the agricultural soils gradually become acidic and less fertile. In this chapter, we are trying to include the Al chemistry in acidic soils and its toxic effects on plants at higher concentration. The chapter also includes the role of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) to mitigate the Al toxicity in acidic soil.

Keywords

Al toxicity Acidic soil PGPR 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jintu Dutta
    • 1
  • Utpal Bora
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for the EnvironmentIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biosciences and BioengineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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