Advertisement

Toward Sustainable Islamic Communities in Malaysia: The Role of Islamic-Based Higher Education Institutions (IHEIs)

  • Nur Rafidah Asyikin Binti Idris
  • Morshidi Sirat
  • Chang Da Wan
Chapter
Part of the Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (EDAP, volume 49)

Abstract

The higher education sector in Malaysia has already become a major source of income for the country. Malaysia needs only to raise the nation’s higher education system to enhance the appeal and competitiveness in the region and beyond. The Malaysian Higher Education Blueprint 2015–2025 aimed to prepare the country’s tertiary education system to meet the challenges of the future. The Blueprint introduces ten shifts which included developing holistic, entrepreneurial and balanced graduates, talent excellence, nation of lifelong learners, quality TVET graduates, financial sustainability, empowered governance, innovation ecosystem, global prominence, globalised online learning and transformed higher education delivery. Currently, the role of most higher education institutions (HEIs) in Malaysia is to generate human capital, focused more on marketability rather than producing a good person. In this context, Islamic-based higher education institutions (IHEIs) have transformed themselves to be relevant to current situations without losing their traditional Islamic values. IHEIs have been committed to pursuing the integration of Islamic and modern knowledge in producing holistic and balanced Muslim communities for the development of the nation. Muslims are obligated to master various forms of knowledge beginning with the Islamic traditional knowledge of faith (aqidah), Islamic law and morals (akhlak). The understanding of the Islamic knowledge together with that of the modern world can lead to the emergence of new modern knowledge in line with Islamic requirements. This paper seeks to examine practices of the integration of knowledge in governance and management, curriculum, teaching and learning (T&L) and research and development (R&D). To undertake this task, focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted among 273 undergraduate students from different faculties. This study consisted of in-depth face-to-face interviews with 30 institutional leaders, middle-level management, academics and registrars in 2 public and 2 private IHEIs and 11 respondents from the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) to get the scenario of the IHEIs in Malaysia. The findings showed that the integration of Islamic knowledge and modern knowledge has managed to produce well-balanced communities for nation development. This paper intends to highlight the concept of integration of Islamic and modern knowledge and the challenges that need to be addressed to make it a reality for the Muslim communities.

Keywords

IHEIs Integration of knowledge Muslim communities 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This study is based on a larger research project entitled “East-West-Islamic Tradition and The Development of Hybrid Universities in Malaysia” led by Morshidi Sirat and Chang Da Wan, with coresearchers Molly Lee, Munir Shuib, Hazri Jamil, Toh Guat Guan, Nur Rafidah Asyikin Idris and Heng Wen Zhuo. This study is funded by the Universiti Sains Malaysia Research University Grant: 1001/CIPPTN/816264. We also wish to thank all participants who were interviewed for this study.

References

  1. Adebayo, R. I. (2007). The influence of the world conferences on Muslim education on Islamic education in Nigeria. In L. M. Adetona (Ed.). Islamic studies in contemporary Nigeria, problems & prospects (pp. 1–34). Retrieved from http://www.unilorin.edu.ng/publications/adebayori/The%20Influence%20of%20world%20conference.htm
  2. Boulton, G., & Lucas, C. (2008). What are universities for? Leuven, Belgium: League of European Research Universities.Google Scholar
  3. Brennan, J., King, R., & Lebeau, Y. (2004). The role of universities in the transformation of societies: Synthesis report. London: Association of Commonwealth Universities and the Open University.Google Scholar
  4. Collini, S. (2012). What are universities for? London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  5. Hassan, M. K. (1989). Values education framework based on Islamic concepts and precepts. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 2(3). Petaling Jaya, Malaysia: Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia.Google Scholar
  6. Lee, M. N. N., Wan, C. D., & Morshidi, S. (2017). Hybrid universities in Malaysia. Studies in Higher Education, 42(10), 1870–1886.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2017.1376871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mohamed Akhiruddin, I., Adnan, M. Y., Azniwati, A. A., & Azlina, M. N. (2015). Integration of naqli and aqli knowledge in education curriculum: Experience of faculty of quranic and sunah studies, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia. Proceedings of INTCESS15- 2nd international conference on education and social sciences, Istanbul, Turkey. ISBN: 978-605-64453-2-3.Google Scholar
  8. Mohd Mahadi, M., & Noor Sufiza, A. (2014). The system of Islamic studies at (sekolah pondok). Journal of Mechanical Manufacturing (J-Mfac), 1.Google Scholar
  9. Norazmi, A., Engku, A. Z. E. A., Mohd. Hudzari, H. R., Roose, N. S., & Nor Aini, A. B. (2015). The integration of knowledge in Islam: Concept and challenges. Global Journal of Human Social Science Linguistics & Education, 13(10), 1.Google Scholar
  10. Obaidullah, M. (2010). The role of universities toward Islamization of knowledge: The IIUM as a model. Paper presented in Seminar organized by the Department of Da‘wah and Islamic Studies, Islamic University Kushtia, Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  11. Ozturk, I. (2001). The role of education in economic development: A theoretical perspective. Journal of Rural Development and Administration, 33(1), 39–47.Google Scholar
  12. Solehah, Y., & Rahimah, E. (2008). The concept of an integrated Islamic curriculum and its implications for contemporary Islamic schools. Paper presented at international conference in Islamic Republic of Iran on 20–22 Feb 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nur Rafidah Asyikin Binti Idris
    • 1
  • Morshidi Sirat
    • 2
  • Chang Da Wan
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Humanities & National Higher Education Research InstituteUniversiti Sains MalaysiaGeorge TownMalaysia
  2. 2.National Higher Education Research InstituteUniversiti Sains MalaysiaGeorge TownMalaysia

Personalised recommendations