High-Performance Kitchen Ventilation

  • Angui LiEmail author
  • Risto Kosonen


Influence factors are discussed in detail on the ventilation efficiency of kitchen, including capture efficiency, effect of relevant parameters on hood performance, effect of mannequin, and walk-by motion. Enhanced ventilation systems for kitchen are introduced. Design guidelines are presented.


  1. ASHRAE Handbook (2009) ASHRAE handbook—Fundamentals. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers Inc., AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  2. ASHRAE Handbook (2011) ASHRAE handbook—HVAC applications. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers Inc., AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  3. Akimoto TAT, Horikawa SHS, Otaka KOK, Hayashi HHH, Lee SLS, Akimoto T (2002a) Research on ventilated ceiling system for commercial kitchen—part 1: computational fluid dynamic analysis and field measurement. In: 8th international conference on air distribution in rooms, ROOMVENTGoogle Scholar
  4. Akimoto TAT, Horikawa SHS, Otaka KOK, Hayashi HHH, Lee SLS, Akimoto T (2002b) Research on ventilated ceiling system for commercial kitchen—part 2: field measurement of indoor thermal environment and ventilation performance. In: 8th international conference on air distribution in rooms, ROOMVENTGoogle Scholar
  5. Altamimi NAM, Fadzil SFS, Wan MWH (2011) The effects of orientation, ventilation, and varied wwr on the thermal performance of residential rooms in the tropics. J Sustain Dev 4(2):142–149Google Scholar
  6. Aflaki A, Mahyuddin N, Mahmoud ZA, Baharum MR (2015) A review on natural ventilation applications through building facade components and ventilation openings in tropical climates. Energy Build 101:153–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. ASHRAE 62-1989 (1989) Ventilation for acceptable indoor air quality. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers Inc., AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  8. ASTM F 2474 Standard test for heat load to space performance of commercial kitchen ventilation/appliance systems. United StatesGoogle Scholar
  9. ASTM F 1704 (2012) Standard test method for capture and containment performance of commercial kitchen exhaust ventilation systems. United StatesGoogle Scholar
  10. Burnett J, Bojić M, Yik F (2005) Wind-induced pressure at external surfaces of a high-rise residential building in hong kong. Build Environ 40(6):765–777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chandrashekaran (2010) Air flow through louvered openings: effect of louver slats on air movement inside a space. Dissertations and thesis—GradworksGoogle Scholar
  12. Chiang CM, Lai CM, Chou PC, Li Y-Y (2000) The influence of an architectural design alternative (transoms) on indoor air environment in conventional kitchens in taiwan. Build Environ 35(7):579–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Daly BB (1978) Woods practical guide to fan engineering, 3rd edn. Woods of Colchester Limited, ColchesterGoogle Scholar
  14. Debnath R, Bardhan R, Banerjee R (2016) Investigating the age of air in rural indian kitchens for sustainable built-environment design. J Build Eng 7:320–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. DW/171 (1999) Standard for kitchen ventilation systems. Heating and Ventilation Contractors Association, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. Fortmann R (2001) Indoor air quality: residential cooking exposures. ARB Contract Number 97-330, Prepared for California Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  17. Farnsworth CA, Waters RM, Fritzsche D (1989) Development of a fully vented gas range. ASHRAE Trans 95(l):759–768Google Scholar
  18. Fugler DW (1989) Canadian research into the installed performance of kitchen exhaust fans. ASHRAE Trans 95(1):753–758Google Scholar
  19. Gao CF, Lee WL (2011) Evaluating the influence of openings configuration on natural ventilation performance of residential units in hong kong. Build Environ 46(4):961–969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. GB/T 11228-2008 (2008) Fundamental parameters for kitchens and related equipments in housing. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China & Standardization Administration, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Grieve PW (1989) Measuring ventilation using tracer-gases. Brüel and Kjær, DenmarkGoogle Scholar
  22. Ho UF (1993) Development of the geometric guideline for civil houses in Taiwan. Department of the Interior, Taiwan: Building Research Institute (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. Hou XT, Li AG, Wang ZH, Zhao YJ (2011) Numerical study on indoor air quality of commercial kitchen in china. Adv Mater Res 374–377:1100–1105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Huang RF, Dai GZ, Chen JK (2010) Effects of mannequin and walk-by motion on flow and spillage characteristics of wall-mounted and jet-isolated range hoods. Ann Occup Hyg 54(6):625Google Scholar
  25. HVI (2009) HVI loudness testing and rating procedure. HVI Publication 915. Home Ventilating Institute. Wauconda, IllinoisGoogle Scholar
  26. HVI (2010) Certified home ventilating products directory. Home Ventilating Institute, Wauconda, IllinoisGoogle Scholar
  27. Kosonen R (2007) The effect of supply air systems on the efficiency of a ventilated ceiling. Build Environ 42(4):1613–1623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kosonen R, Mustakallio P (2003) The influence of a capture jet on the efficiency of a ventilated ceiling in a commercial kitchen. Int J Vent 1(3):189–199 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kosonen R, Mustakallio P (2016) Analysis of capture and containment efficiency of a ventilated ceiling. Int J Vent 2(1):33–43Google Scholar
  30. Li AG, Yin HG, Wang GD (2012) Experimental investigation of air distribution in the occupied zones of an air curtain ventilated enclosure. Int J Vent 11(2):171–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Li A, Yi H, Zhang W (2012b) A novel air distribution method—principles of air curtain ventilation. Int J Vent 10(4):383–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Li Y, Delsante A (1996) Derivation of capture efficiency of kitchen range hoods in a confined space. Build Environ 31(5):461–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lim K, Lee C (2008) A numerical study on the characteristics of flow field, temperature and concentration distribution according to changing the shape of separation plate of kitchen hood system. Energy Build 40(2):175–184MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Luo N, Li A, Gao R, Tian Z, Zhang W, Mei S (2013) An experiment and simulation of smoke confinement and exhaust efficiency utilizing a modified opposite double-jet air curtain. Saf Sci 55:17–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Nagda NL, Koontz MD, Fortmann RC, Billick IH (1989) Prevalence, use, and effectiveness of range-exhaust fans. Environ Int 15(1–6):615–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Nielsen PV, Allard F, Awbi HB, Davidson L, Schälin A (2007) Computational Fluid Dynamics in Ventilation Design. Vki Adv Des Vent Syst 6(3):291–294Google Scholar
  37. Price PN, Sherman MH (2006) Ventilation behavior and household characteristics in New California Houses. Lawrence Berkeley Nat Lab 3:4Google Scholar
  38. Saha S, Guha A, Roy S (2012) Experimental and computational investigation of indoor air quality inside several community kitchens in a large campus. Build Environ 52(6):177–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sandberg M (1981) What is ventilation efficiency. Build Environ 16(2):123–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Settles GS (2012) Schlieren and shadowgraph techniques: visualizing phenomena in transparent media. Springer Science & Business Media Google Scholar
  41. Shah S, Dufva K (2017) CFD modeling of airflow in a kitchen environment: towards improving energy efficiency in buildingsGoogle Scholar
  42. Singer BC, Delp WW, Apte MG (2011) Experimental evaluation of installed cooking exhaust fan performance. Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryGoogle Scholar
  43. Singer BC, Apte MG, Black DR, Hotchi T, Lucas D, Lunden MM, Mirer AG, Spears M, Sullivan DP (2009) Natural gas variability in California: environmental impacts and device performance: experimental evaluation of pollutant emissions from residential appliancesGoogle Scholar
  44. Sobiski P, Swierczyna R, Fisher D (2006) Effects of range top diversity, range accessories, and hood dimensions on commercial kitchen hood performance. ASHRAE Trans 112:603–612Google Scholar
  45. Swierczyna R, Sobiski P, Fisher D (2006) Effects of appliance diversity and position on commercial kitchen hood performance. Ashrae Transactions 112:591–602Google Scholar
  46. Swierczyna R, Sobiski P, Fisher D (2009) Revised heat gain rates from typical commercial cooking appliances from RP-362. ASHRAE Trans 115(2):591–602Google Scholar
  47. Takano S, Yamanaka T, Kotani H et al (2009) Capture efficiency of exhaust hood for commercial kitchen using low radiation cooking equipment with concentrated exhaust. In: The 9th international conference on industrial ventilation, pp 18–21Google Scholar
  48. Veersteg HK, Malalasekera W (1995) An introduction to computational fluid dynamics: the finite volume method. Pearson Schweiz Ag 20(5):400Google Scholar
  49. VDI 2052 (2006) Ventilation equipment for kitchens. Verein Deutcher IngenieureGoogle Scholar
  50. Wolbrink DW, Sarnosky JR (1992) Residential kitchen ventilation-a guide for the specifying engineer. ASHRAE Trans 98(l):1187–l198Google Scholar
  51. Zhao YJ, Li AG, Tao PF et al (2013) The impact of various hood shapes, and side panel and exhaust duct arrangements, on the performance of typical Chinese style cooking hoods. Build Simul 6(2):139–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhou B, Chen F, Dong Z, Nielsen PV (2016) Study on pollution control in residential kitchen based on the push-pull ventilation system. Build Environ 107:99–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zou SH, Li P, Weng P, Luo YX (2004) Numerical Analysis of the ventilation of a kitchen in residence. Eng Sci 12(6):69–72 (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Xi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.Aalto UniversityEspooFinland

Personalised recommendations