The Long-Term Livelihood Effects of the Conservation-Led Displacement in Kanchanpur, Nepal

  • Lai Ming Lam
  • Basant Pant
  • Vengadeshvaran Sarma


This study focuses on the long-term livelihood effects of displacement. Using a novel panel dataset comprising households affected and unaffected by the Shuklaphanta National Park Extension Programme, this study disentangles the effect of displacement along ethnic lines. The main results illustrate that displaced households diversify their livelihoods and work more to compensate for the loss of traditional livelihoods. There is evidence that indicates that almost all ethnic groups were adversely affected emotionally—they felt a longing for their original land and felt a lack of communal spirit. The results also show that it is important to understand the effect of displacement beyond material well-being and across ethnic groups.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lai Ming Lam
    • 1
  • Basant Pant
    • 2
  • Vengadeshvaran Sarma
    • 3
  1. 1.Osaka UniversitySuitaJapan
  2. 2.International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)PatanNepal
  3. 3.University of NottinghamSemenyihMalaysia

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