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History of Spinal Osteotomy of Ankylosing Spondylitis Kyphosis

  • Xuesong Zhang
  • Yao Wang
Chapter

Abstract

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease that predominantly affects the axial skeleton. Without treatment, ankylosing spondylitis may lead to thoracolumbar kyphotic deformity, which affects over 30% of patients in the late phase [1]. Severe spinal kyphosis may result in sagittal imbalance and limitation of psychosocial activities and physical exercises [2, 3]. Corrective spinal osteotomy is necessary for these patients to improve their appearance and daily life function. Since 1945, a variety of surgical techniques have been proposed for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis kyphosis. The safety and effectiveness of surgery had been significantly improved by the development of instrumentation, surgical details, and anesthesiologic techniques [4].

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuesong Zhang
    • 1
  • Yao Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital)BeijingChina

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