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Floristic Diversity, Distribution and Conservation Status in the Vicinity of Coal Mines of Kachchh District in Gujarat, India

  • Rohitkumar M. Patel
  • Ashishkumar
  • Mital J. Kaneria
Chapter

Abstract

A study of floristic composition in various kinds of land use and habitat types plays a significant role in the environmental planning as plants are the primary producer of any ecosystem. The study of plant community structure and dynamics is an important aspect of forest ecology where various species contribute in determination of specific type of habitat. Such knowledge is very crucial to draw strategies for conservation and management of natural resources. The study area comprises tropical thorn forest, grassland, savannah, mangrove, saline desert and freshwater wetland as important habitats. During the study, we identified the various landcover and habitat types of western Kachchh and proposed some regional planning attributes for sustainable development in region. We surveyed the Panandhro, Matanamadh and Jadva mining complexes of region, for vegetation. We laid the sampling plot of specific dimension for various plant species in various landcovers and habitats to evaluate them for vegetation characters. During the survey a total of 326 plant species were recorded in which 14 were of conservation significance. To assess the impact of mining activities on floristic diversity, a circular zone of 2 km width was made around all the three sites. During the present study, it was observed that the species diversity decreases towards the mining site. The unfavourable habitat condition leads to reduce the regeneration capacity of various plant species. Furthermore, the dumping of contaminated soil leads to alter natural habitat and leads to growth of invasive alien species, i.e. Prosopis juliflora. The native tree species like Acacia senegal, A. nilotica and Salvadora oleoides face immense threats to extinction due to anthropogenic activities associated with mining. To minimize the impact on the vegetation, proper biodiversity conservation plan should be prepared to promote the plantation of native species. Along with that plant, some plant species which can improve the degraded habitat should be preferred.

Keywords

Floral diversity Land degradation Coal mines Soil conservation Natural resources Forest ecology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rohitkumar M. Patel
    • 1
  • Ashishkumar
    • 2
  • Mital J. Kaneria
    • 3
  1. 1.Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Indroda Nature ParkGandhinagarIndia
  2. 2.Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change, Government of IndiaNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.UGC-CAS Department of BiosciencesSaurashtra UniversityRajkotIndia

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