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Tree Ferns and Giant Ferns in India: Their Significance and Conservation

  • Niranjan Mishra
  • Sandip Kumar Behera
Chapter

Abstract

Tree ferns are widely distributed in different habitats from damp, sheltered slopes and moist gullies to high altitudes in cloud forests and from cool temperate forest to tropical rain forest. In India tree ferns are represented by 12 species, out of which 11 belong to the genus Cyathea of Cyatheaceae and 1 belongs to the genus Cibotium of Cibotiaceae. And the giant fern is represented by three species belonging to the genus Angiopteris of family Marattiaceae. This chapter elucidates the taxonomy, distribution, ecology and conservation status of the tree ferns and giant ferns of India and some of their uses.

Keywords

Ferns Cyathea Cibotium Angiopteris Conservation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niranjan Mishra
    • 1
  • Sandip Kumar Behera
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Diversity, Systematics and Herbarium DivisionCSIR-National Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

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