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Traditional Nanostructures and Nanomaterials in Batteries

  • Xing-Long Wu
  • Jin-Zhi Guo
  • Yu-Guo GuoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Traditional nanostructures and nanomaterials, such as conductive additives, separators and current collectors also play a key role in batteries although they are minority components. In this section, we summarize the research progress of traditional nanostructures and nanomaterials in rechargeable batteries, discussing the effects of these nano components on the electrochemical properties of batteries.

Abbreviations

CNF

Carbon nanofiber

CNT

Carbon nanotube

LIB

Lithium ion battery

AB

Acetylene black

SP

Super P

KB

Ketjen black

SWCNT

Single-walled carbon nanotube

MWCNT

Multi-walled carbon nanotube

VCF

Vapor deposit carbon fiber

CVD

Chemical vapor deposition

MC

Mesoporous carbon

1D

One-dimensional

VGCF

Vapor-grown carbon fiber

PE

Polyethylene

PP

Polypropylene

GPE

Gel polymer electrolyte

PMMA NP

Poly(methyl methacrylate) nanoparticle array

PVDF-HFP

Poly(vinylidene-fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene)

PEGDMA

Poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate

PVDF-co-CTFE

Polyvinylidene-fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene

PEO

Poly(ethylene oxide)

PI

Polyimide

ANF

Aramid nanofiber

PMIA

Poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide)

PVA

Poly(vinyl alchol)

PPESK

Poly(phthalazinone ether sulfone ketone)

PMP

Polymethylpentene

PAEK

Poly(arylene ether ketone)

PLA

Poly(lactic acid)

GF/PI

Glass fiber/polyimide

MMT

Montmorillonite

[EMIm]TFSI

1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide

GNH

Graphene-carbon nanotube hybrid

Cu/CC

Cu-coated carbon cloth

3DDC

3D porous dendritic current collector

PET

Polyethylene terephthalate

PVD

Physical vapour deposition

SACNT

Super-aligned carbon nanotube

Al

Aluminum

Cu

Copper

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northeast Normal UniversityChangchun, JilinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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