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Nanostrucutres and Nanomaterials for Lithium-Ion Batteries

  • Fei-Fei Cao
  • Huan Ye
  • Yu-Guo GuoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries have shown great promise in portable electronics and electric vehicles due to their long lifespan and high safety. However, hurdles relating to the sluggish dynamics and poor cycling stability restrict the practical application. Nanostructured materials, due to their significantly decreased particles size, are thought to effectively address the above issues. In this section, we will concentrate on the recent progress in the development of advanced electrode materials including cathodes and anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Particularly, the utilization of nanostructured materials and techniques to decrease the particles size and elevate the diffusion coefficient of electrode materials, and thus shorten the diffusion distance for lithium ions and alleviate the large volume change of electrodes, ensuring enhanced rate capability and improved stability for lithium-ion batteries will be discussed in detail.

Abbreviations

LIB

Lithium-ion battery

3D

Three-dimensional

Li+

Lithium ion

TM

Transition metal

J-T

Jahn-Teller

NCA

LiNi1−x−yCoxAlyO2

NCM

LiNi1−x−yCoxMnyO2

DOD

Depth of discharge

LLO

Lithium-rich layered oxide

CNT

Carbon nanotube

SWCNT

Single-walled carbon nanotube

MWCNT

Multi-walled carbon nanotube

LBL

Layer-by-layer

HPCF

Hierarchical porous carbon fiber

MOF

Metal-organic framework

SEI

Solid electrolyte interphase

NP

Nanoparticle

0D

Zero-dimensional

1D

One-dimensional

NW

Nanowire

NT

Nanotube

CVD

Chemical vapor deposition

SEM

Scanning electron microscope

TEM

Transmission electron microscope

NF

Nanofiber

PCNF

Porous carbon nanofiber

PAN

Polyacrylonitrile

DMF

N-dimethylformamide

GT

Graphitic tube

ALD

Atomic layer deposition

2D

Two-dimensional

GO

Graphene oxide

rGO

Reduced graphene oxide

GDY

Graphdiyne

PDA

Polydopamine

CNM

Carbon nanotube macrofilm

PDDA

Poly(diallydimethylammonium chloride)

NC

Nanocrystal

CNF

Carbon nanofiber

STEM

Scanning transmission electron microscopy

SMC

Submicrocube

HN

Hollow nanosphere

NDC

Nitrogen-doped carbon

LTO

Li4Ti5O12

PCP

Porous carbon polyhedra

TNHC

Tin nanoparticles encapsulated elastic hollow carbon sphere

ZIF

Zeolitic imidazolate framework

NS

Nanosheet

ICE

Initial Coulombic efficiency

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Huazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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