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Charge Transfer and Storage of an Electrochemical Cell and Its Nano Effects

  • Sen Xin
  • Hongcai Gao
  • Yu-Guo GuoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Efficient charger transfer and storage forms the precondition for stable operation of an electrochemical energy storage device. Nanomaterials, due to their admirable structure properties such as reduced particle dimensions and high surface to volume ratio, have shown promises in facilitating storage kinetics and enabling novel storage chemistry of electrode materials. In this chapter, we will introduce the fundamentals about the charge transfer and storage processes in various types electrochemical cells (e.g., zinc-based primary cells, lead-acid cells, nickel-metal hydride cells, rechargeable Li cells), and discuss the effects of using nanostructured electrode materials on the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of the charge storage/transfer process in an electrochemical cell. With the discussions, we aim to provide insights into design principles for “kinetically stable” nanostructured electrode materials towards their practical applications in future electrochemical cells.

Abbreviations

EES

Electrochemical energy storage

LIB

Li-ion battery

VRLA

Valve-regulated lead-acid

NiCd

Nickel-cadmium

NiMH

Nickel-metal hydride

MH

Metal hydride

RLC

Rechargeable lithium cell

NCA

LiNi1−x−yCoxAlyO2

NCM

LiNi1−x−yCoxMnyO2

NHE

Normal hydrogen electrode

SEI

Solid electrolyte interphase

VB

Valence band

CB

Conduction band

SSE

Solid-state electrolyte

SCE

Solid crystalline electrolyte

LiBOB

Lithium bis(oxalato)borate

VC

Vinylene carbonate

DMAc

Dimethylacetamide

LiTFSI

Lithium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide

LiFSI

Lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl) imide

γ-BL

γ-butyrolactone

PC

Propylene carbonate

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

DMC

Dimethyl carbonate

EC

Ethylene carbonate

DEC

Diethyl carbonate

DME

Dimethoxyethane

DOL

Dioxolane

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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