Advertisement

Climate Change Multiple Impact Assessment Models

  • Hooman Farzaneh
Chapter

Abstract

The concerns of policymakers dealing with the energy focus not only on issues related to its availability and use but also on the implications of its use. Because of their unacceptable concentrations, the global and local impact of the local air pollutants and greenhouse gases produced by many energy sources is severe, particularly on human health. When planning the energy system in developing countries, climate change concerns are considered paramount. If governments worldwide are to make any significant headway to meeting their carbon emission reduction targets, such as those in the Paris Agreement, fundamental transformation is needed in the energy sector, including the decarburization of industries through the adoption of clean technologies and clean power generation for households and commercial sectors. On the other hand, the energy sector is vital to achieving several of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly in developing countries. These include good health (goal 3), affordable and clean energy (goal 7), and sustainable cities (goal 11), as well as climate change (goal 13). Figure 5.1 depicts the UN’s SDGs.

References

  1. Doll CNH, Balaban O (2013) A methodology for evaluating environmental co-benefits in the transport sector: application to the Delhi metro. J Clean Prod 58:61–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. EEA, European Environmental Agency, EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook (2013) Technical guidance to prepare national emission inventories, Group 7 road transport, 19 Apr 2016, ISBN 978–92–9213-403-7, Copenhagen, Denmark. http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/EMEPCORINAIR/page016.html
  3. Farzaneh H (2017a) Multiple benefits assessment of the clean energy development in Asian cities. Energy Procedia 136:8–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Farzaneh H (2017b) Development of a bottom-up technology assessment model for assessing the low carbon energy scenarios in the urban system. Energy Procedia 107(2017):321–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Farzaneh H, Doll CNH (2014) Guidebook for the Co-benefits evaluation tool for the urban energy system, The United Nations University, Institute for the advanced study of sustainability. http://tools.ias.unu.edu/sites/default/files/manual/Energy_Evaluation_Tool_Guidebook.pdf. Accessed 01 July 2017
  6. Farzaneh H, Puppim de Oliveira JA, Doll CNH, Suwa A, Dashti M (2014a) The co-benefits of energy efficiency policy to manage the electric load in Delhi, ECSEE 2014, Oral Presentation, UK, BrightonGoogle Scholar
  7. Farzaneh H, Suwa A, Doll CNH, Puppim de Oliveira JA (2014b) Developing a tool to analyze climate Co-benefits of the urban energy system. Procedia Environ Sci 20:97–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fischedick M, Roy J, Abdel-Aziz A, Acquaye A, Allwood JM, Ceron J-P, Geng Y, Kheshgi H, Lanza A, Perczyk D, Price L, Santalla E, Sheinbaum C, Tanaka K (2014) Industry. In: Edenhofer O, Pichs-Madruga R, Sokona Y, Farahani E, Kadner S, Seyboth K, Adler A, Baum I, Brunner S, Eickemeier P, Kriemann B, Savolainen J, Schlömer S, von Stechow C, Zwickel T, Minx JC (eds) Climate change 2014: mitigation of climate change. Contribution of working group III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Gesellschaft fur D (2019) Sustainable urban transport: Avoid-Shift-Improve (A-S-I), division 44 water, energy, transport, international Zusammenarbeit(GIZ) Gmbh.. https://www.sutp.org/files/contents/documents/resources/E_Fact-Sheets-and-Policy-Briefs/SUTP_GIZ_FS_Avoid-Shift-Improve_EN.pdf. Accessed 01 Jan 2019
  10. Heather A (2013) An integrated approach to public transport, Tehran Islamic Republic of Iran, Case study for global report on Human settlements 2013. Available from http://www.unhabitat.org/grhs/2013. Accessed 01 Apr 2017
  11. Hyslop A (2006) Co-benefits of municipal climate change mitigation strategies, Hamilton, University of Waterloo, Canada. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.488.268&rep=rep1&type=pdf. Accessed 01 Apr 2017
  12. International Energy Agency, IEA (2014) World energy outlook 2014, ISBN: 978–92–64-20805–6, FranceGoogle Scholar
  13. Kakouei A, Vatani A, Kamal Bin Idris A (2012) An estimation of traffic related CO2 emissions from motor vehicles in the capital city of Iran. Iranian J Environ Health Sci Eng 9(1):13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Karimzadegan H, Rahmatian M, Farhud DD, Yunesian H (2008) Economic valuation of air pollution health impacts in the Tehran Area, Iran. Iranian J Publ Health 37(1):20–30Google Scholar
  15. Ministry of the Environment Japan (MOEJ) (2009) Co-benefits approach – development needs-oriented efforts to address climate change and CDM. Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center (OECC), JapanGoogle Scholar
  16. Ostro B (2004) Outdoor air pollution, assessing the environmental burden of disease at national and local levels, World Health Organization Protection of the Human Environment, ISBN 9241591263, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  17. Saboohi Y, Farzaneh H (2009) Model for developing eco-driving strategy of a passenger vehicle. Appl Energy 86(10):1925–1932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schipper L, Marie-Liliu M (1999) Flexing the link between transport greenhouse gas emissions: a path for the World Bank. International Energy Agency, Paris. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/826921468766156728/pdf/multi-page.pdf Accessed 01 April 2017
  19. SCI, Statistical Center of Iran (2013) Iran statistical yearbook 2011, Presidency wise for strategic planning and supervision, Tehran, Iran. http://istmat.info/files/uploads/44179/iran_statistical_yearbook_2010-2011_1389.pdf. Accessed 01 Apr 2017
  20. TAQCC, Tehran Air Quality Control Center (2013) http://air.tehran.ir/Default.aspx?tabid=191. Accessed 01 April 2017
  21. TAQCC, Tehran Air Quality Control Center (2016) http://air.tehran.ir/Default.aspx?tabid=191. Accessed 01 Apr 2017
  22. TSYB, Tehran Statistical Yearbook 2011–2012 (in Persian). http://www.tehran.ir/portals/0/flipbook/tehran-statistical-yearbook-2011-2012/index.html. Accessed 01 Apr 2017
  23. TTTOD, Tehran Traffic Transportation Organization and Deputy, Deputy of planning and studies (2013) An overview of Tehran transportation master plan (revised in 2013), Tehran, Iran. http://www.iran.uitp.org/sites/default/files/documents/MasterPlanEnglishBook-old_Compressed.pdf. Accessed 01 Apr 2017
  24. UN, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2014) World urbanization prospects. ISBN 978-92-1-151517-6, NY, US,. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/Publications/Files/WUP2014-Highlights.pdf. Accessed 01 April 2017
  25. UNU-DESA, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/theme/sdg/index.shtml. Accessed 01 Apr 2017

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hooman Farzaneh
    • 1
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering SciencesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations