Design and Study of a Photonic Crystal Fiber Biosensor Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance

  • Charanjeet Kaur
  • Varshali Sharma
  • Ritu SharmaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 546)


In this paper, a photonic crystal fiber based biosensor using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) principle is analyzed for the sensing of refractive index in the visible to near-infrared region. A thin layer of gold (Au) is coated inside the central hole which serves the purpose of the plasmonic layer. The finite element method (FEM) is used for analyzing the sensing performance and other characteristics. The optical loss spectrum of this biosensor is observed by varying the structure parameters. This paper analyses the amplitude sensitivity and wavelength sensitivity of the designed PCF-SPR biosensor.


Photonic crystal fiber (PCF) Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) Finite element method (FEM) 


  1. 1.
    Cooper MA (2002) Optical biosensors in drug discovery. Nat Rev Drug Discov 1:515–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goodrich TT, Lee HJ, Corn RM (2004) Direct detection of genomic DNA by enzymatically amplified SPR imaging measurements of RNA microarrays. J Am Chem Soc 126:4086–4087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    McPeak KM, Jayanti SV, Kress SJ, Meyer S, Iotti S, Rossinelli A et al (2015) Plasmonic films can easily be better: rules and recipes. ACS Photon 2:326–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rifat AA, Ahmed R, Yetisen AK, Butt H, Sabouri A, Mahdiraji GA, Yunc SH, Adikana FRM (2017) Photonic crystal fiber based plasmonic sensors. Sens Actuators B 243:311–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rifat AA, Ahmed R, Mahdiraji GA, Adikan FRM (2017) Highly sensitive D-shaped photonic crystal fiber based plasmonic biosensors in visible to Near-IR. IEEE Sens J 17:2776–2783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wong WC, Chan CC, Boo JL, Teo ZY, Tau ZQ, Yang HB, Li CM, Leong KC (2013) Photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on Protein G Immobilization. IEEE J Sel Top Quantum Electron 19(3):4602107Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ordal MA, Long LL, Bell RJ et al (1983) Optical properties of metals Al, Co, Cu, Au, Fe, Pb, Ni, Pd, Pt, Ag, Ti and W in the infrared and far infrared region. Appl Opt 22:1099–1120Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu C, Wang F, Lv J, Sun T, Liu Q, Mu H, Chu PK (2015) Design and theoretical analysis of a photonic crystal fiber based on surface plasmon resonance sensing. SPIE J Nanophoton 9. Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rifat AA, Mahdiraji GA, Sua YM, Ahmed R, Shee Y, Adikan FM (2016) Highly sensitive multi-core flat fiber surface plasmon resonance refractive index sensor. Opt Express 24:2485–2495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wu T, Shao Y, Wang Y, Cao S, Cao W, Zhang F, Liao C, He J, Huang Y, Hou M, Wang Y (2017) Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on gold-coated side-polished hexagonal structure photonic crystal fiber. OSA J Opt Express 25(17):20313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Luan N, Wang R, Lv W, Yao J (2015) Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with hollow core. OSA Opt Express 23(7):8576–8582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hasan MR, Akter S, Rifat AA, Rana S, Ali S (2017) A highly sensitive gold-coated photonic crystal fiber biosensor based on surface plasmon resonance. MDPI Photon 4, Article no 18, April (2017). Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rifat AA, Mahdiraji GA, Sua YM, Shee YG, Ahmed R, Chow DM, Adikan FRM (2015) Surface plasmon resonance photonic crystal fiber based biosensors: a practical sensing approach. IEEE Photon Technol Lett 27(15):1628–1631Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and CommunicationMalaviya National Institute of Technology JaipurJaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and CommunicationManipal University JaipurJaipurIndia

Personalised recommendations