Advertisement

Design of High Birefringence with Two Zero Dispersion Wavelength and Highly Nonlinear Hybrid Photonic Crystal Fiber

  • Vijay Shanker ChaudharyEmail author
  • Dharmendra Kumar
  • Sneha Sharma
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 546)

Abstract

A hexagonal hybrid photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with elliptical and circular air holes is designed which gives a very large birefringence. The magnitude of birefringence is 12.046 × 10−3 at 1550 nm which is very high and required for optical systems application. The proposed PCF shows zero dispersion wavelengths around 674 nm and 1591 nm and also having a large value of the nonlinear coefficient which is useful for nonlinear optics. In this paper the calculated value of nonlinear coefficient is 0.06147 W−1m−1 at 1550 nm.

Keywords

Photonic crystal fiber (PCF) Zero dispersion wavelength Birefringence Nonlinear coefficient Effective area 

References

  1. 1.
    Birks TA, Knight JC, Russell PSJ (1997) Endlessly single mode photonic crystal fiber. Opt lett 22, 961–963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ju J, Jin W, Demokan MS (2003) Properties of a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber. IEEE Photon Technol Lett 15:1375–1377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ranka JK, Windeler RS, Stentz AJ (2000) Visible continuum generation in air–silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm. Opt Lett 25:25–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Knight JC, Arriaga J, Birks TA et al (2000) Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber. IEEE Photon Technol Lett 12:807–809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sinha RK, Varshney SK (2003) Dispersion properties of photonic crystal fibers. Microw Opt Technol Lett 37:129–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ortigosa-Blanch A, Díez A, Pinar MD, Cruz JL, Andrés MV (2004) Ultrahigh birefringent nonlinear microstructured fiber. IEEE Photon Technol Lett 16:1667–1669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sharma S, Kumar J (2013) Design of high birefringence nonlinear polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber. In: Workshop on recent advances in photonics (WRAP), 17–18 Dec 2013.  https://doi.org/10.1109/wrap.2013.6917659
  8. 8.
    Yang TJ, Shen LF, Chau YF, Sung MJ, Chen D, Tsai DP (2008) High birefringence and low loss circular air-holes photonic crystal fiber using complex unit cells in cladding. Opt Comm 281:4334–4338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hussein RA, Hameed MFO, Obayya SSA (2016) Ultrahigh soliton pulse compression through liquid crystal photonic crystal fiber. IEEE J Sel Topics Quantum Electron 22(2):302–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Coscelli E, Poli F, Li J, Cucinotta A Selleri S (2015) Dispersion engineering of highly nonlinear chalcogenide suspended-core fibers. IEEE Photon J 7:2200408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    XU Q, Miao R, ZhangnY (2012) Highly nonlinear low-dispersion photonic crystal fiber with high birefringence for four-wave mixing. Opt Mater 35:217–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xu D, Song H, Wang W, Fan Y, Yang B (2013) Numerical analysis of a novel high birefringence photonic crystal fiber. Optik 124:1290–1293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhao Y, Wu D, Lv RQ, Li J (2016) Magnetic field measurement based on the sagnac interferometer with a ferrofluid-filled high-birefringence photonic crystal fiber. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 65:1503–1507CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vijay Shanker Chaudhary
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dharmendra Kumar
    • 1
  • Sneha Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringMadan Mohan Malaviya University of TechnologyGorakhpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringDyanand Sagar UniversityBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations