Advertisement

Estimating Qualitative Parameters of Aluminized Coating Obtained by Electric Spark Alloying Method

  • O. Gaponova
  • Cz. Kundera
  • G. Kirik
  • V. TarelnykEmail author
  • V. Martsynkovskyy
  • Ie. Konoplianchenko
  • M. Dovzhyk
  • A. Belous
  • O. Vasilenko
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

There are considered the features of the structural and phase state of the aluminized coatings obtained by the method of electric spark alloying (ESA) on the specimens made of 20 steel and 4 steel grades. It has been found out that with increasing discharge energy, there is increased the thickness and microhardness of the white and diffusion layers, as well as the surface roughness, and also there are changed the chemical and phase compositions. At low discharge energies, there is formed a layer predominantly consisting of α-Fe and aluminum oxides. It has been stated that increasing discharge energy results in obtaining the layer consisting of iron and aluminum intermetallics and free aluminum as well. In comparison with 20 steel, at electric spark alloying of 40 steel, there is increased the depth of the zone of increased hardness and microhardness thereof. In order to reduce the roughness and increase the continuity of the coatings obtained, it is recommended to conduct the electric spark alloying process applying the same electrode (aluminum), but at low discharge energies (Wp = 0.52 J). The comparative studies of the heat resistance of the aluminized coatings, which had been obtained with the use of the classic technology, that is, in aluminum melt, and by the ESA method with the use of an aluminum electrode, showed that electric spark coatings were characterized by a higher heat resistance. The results of the study make it possible to recommend the ESA technology with the use of an aluminum electrode in order to increase steel resistance to oxidation at elevated temperatures.

Keywords

Electric spark alloying Aluminizing Microstructure Coating Surface X-ray diffraction analysis X-ray spectral analysis Microhardness Roughness Heat resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was carried out within the framework of the project No. 53/18-N of the NAS of Ukraine Program “Fundamental issues of creation of new nanomaterials and nanotechnologies”.

References

  1. 1.
    Yushchenko KA, Borisov YS, Kuznetsov VD, Korzh VM (2007) Surface engineering. Naukova dumka, KyivGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Martsinkovsky V, Yurko V, Tarelnik V et al (2012) Designing radial sliding bearing equipped with hydrostatically suspended. Procedia Eng 39:157–167.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.07.020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tarel’nik VB, Martsinkovskii VS, Zhukov AN (2017) Increase in the Reliability and durability of metal impulse seals. Part 2*. Chem Pet Eng 53:266–272.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10556-017-0333-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tarelnyk V, Martsynkovskyy V (2014) Upgrading of pump and compressor rotor shafts using combined technology of electroerosive alloying. Appl Mech Mater 630:397–412.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.630.397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tarel’nik VB, Paustovskii AV, Tkachenko YG et al (2017) Electric-spark coatings on a steel base and contact surface for optimizing the working characteristics of babbitt friction bearings. Surf Eng Appl Electrochem 53:285–294.  https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068375517030140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tarelnyk V, Martsynkovskyy V, Dziuba A (2014) New method of friction assemblies reliability and endurance improvement. Appl Mech Mater 630:388–396.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.630.388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Antoszewski B (2014) Influence of laser surface texturing on scuffing resistance of sliding pairs. Adv Mater Res 874:51–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Antoszewski B, Tarelnyk V (2014) Laser texturing of sliding surfaces of bearings and pump seals. Appl Mech Mater 630:301–307.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.630.301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Donets SY, Klepikov VF, Lytvynenko VV et al (2015) Aluminum surface coating of copper using high-current electron beam. Probl Atom Sci Tech 4(98):302–305Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tarelnyk V et al (2017) New method for strengthening surfaces of heat treated steel parts. In: IOP conference series: materials science and engineering, vol 233. IOP Science, p 012048.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/233/1/012048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pogrebnjak AD, Beresnev VM, Bondar OV et al (2018) Specific features of microstructure and properties of multielement nitride coatings based on TiZrNbAlYCr. Tech Phys Lett 44:98–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pogrebnjak OD, Dyadyura KO, Gaponova KP (2015) Features of thermodynamic processes on contact surfaces of multicomponent nanocomposite coatings with hierarchical and adaptive behavior. Metallofiz Noveishie Tekhnol 37:899–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Smyrnova KV, Pogrebnjak AD, Beresnev VM et al (2018) Microstructure and physical-mechanical properties of (TiAlSiY)N nanostructured coatings under different energy conditions. Met Mater Int 24(5):1024–1035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pogrebnjak AD, Ivashchenko VI, Skrynskyy PL et al (2018) Experimental and theoretical studies of the physicochemical and mechanical properties of multi-layered TiN/SiC films: temperature effects on the nanocomposite structure. Compos B Eng 142:85–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pogrebnjak AD, Beresnev VM, Smyrnova KV et al (2018) The influence of nitrogen pressure on the fabrication of the two-phase superhard nanocomposite (TiZrNbAlYCr)N coatings. Mater Lett 211:316–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gitlevich AE, Mikhailov VV, Nya Parkansky, Gitlevich AE, Revutsky VM (1985) Electric spark alloying of metal surfaces. Shtintsa, ChisinauGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Matysik P, Jóźwiak S, Czujko T (2015) Characterization of low-symmetry structures from phase equilibrium of Fe–Al System—microstructures and mechanical properties. Materials 8(3):914–931.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ma8030914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mulin YI, Verkhoturov AD (1999) Electric spark alloying of working surfaces of apparatus and machine parts with electrode materials obtained from mineral raw materials. Dal’nauka, VladivostokGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kirik GV, Gaponova OP, Tarelnyk VB (2018) Quality analysis of aluminized surface layers produced by electric spark deposition. Powder Metall Met Ceram 56(11–12):688–696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mazanko VF et al (2015) Interaction of aluminum with iron and air gases at electric spark alloying. In: Collection of materials of the 11th international conference “Interaction of Radiations with Solid Body”, Minsk, 23–25 Sept 2015Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gertsriken DS et al (2010) Interaction of nickel and molybdenum with air gases as influenced by spark discharges. In: collection of materials of the 50th intern. Scientific symposium “Actual Problems of Strength”. Vitebsk State Technology University, Vitebsk, 27 Sept–1 Oct 2010Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Minkevich AN (1965) Chemical and thermal treatment of metals and alloys. Monograph. Mechanical Engineering, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kobets AG, Horodek PR, Lonin YF et al (2015) Melting effect on high current electron beam on aluminum alloy 1933. Surf Eng Appl Electrochem 51(5):478–482.  https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068375515050075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Panda A, Dyadyura K, Valíček J et al (2017) Manufacturing technology of composite materials—principles of modification of polymer composite materials technology based on polytetrafluoroethylene. Materials 10(4):377.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10040377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ivanov V, Mital D, Karpus V et al (2017) Numerical simulation of the system “fixture–workpiece” for lever machining. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 91:79–90.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-016-9701-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Karpus VE, Ivanov VA (2012) Choice of the optimal configuration of modular reusable fixtures. Russ Engin Res 32(3):213–219.  https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068798X12030124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Korczak A, Martsynkovskyy V, Peczkis G et al (2012) A diagnosis of the phenomenon of flow as an inspiration to inventions in the domain of constructing hydraulic machines. Procedia Eng 39:286–302.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.07.035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Vanyeyev S, Getalo V (2014) Jet-reactive turbine: experimental researches and calculations by means of softwares. Appl Mech Mater 630:66–71.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.630.66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kravchenko YO, Coy LE, Peplińska B et al (2018) Nano-multilayered coatings of (TiAlSiY)N/MeN (Me = Mo, Cr and Zr): influence of composition of the alternating layer on their structural and mechanical properties. J Alloy Compd 767:483–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Pogrebnjak AD, Beresnev VM, Bondar OV et al (2018) Superhard CrN/MoN coatings with multilayer architecture. Mater Des 153:47–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Gaponova
    • 1
  • Cz. Kundera
    • 2
  • G. Kirik
    • 3
  • V. Tarelnyk
    • 3
    Email author
  • V. Martsynkovskyy
    • 3
  • Ie. Konoplianchenko
    • 3
  • M. Dovzhyk
    • 3
  • A. Belous
    • 3
  • O. Vasilenko
    • 3
  1. 1.Sumy State UniversitySumyUkraine
  2. 2.Kielce University of TechnologyKielcePoland
  3. 3.Sumy National Agrarian UniversitySumyUkraine

Personalised recommendations