General Introduction

  • Shun OmagariEmail author
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


Photoluminescent materials are used everywhere in our current society from daily lives to industries and research. As simple as it may seem, there are numerous types of photoluminescent materials (each with possibly different luminescence mechanisms), and tremendous amount of effort has been invested in research on these materials, sometimes going far into the fundamentals of quantum mechanics. The thesis focuses on lanthanide complexes, which is only one of the many types of luminescent materials available today. Understanding the contents of this thesis requires that the reader understands the underlying physical and chemical concepts of photoluminescence, lanthanides, and lanthanide complexes. This chapter provides the most basic concepts that the readers are required to understand. First, a very brief history of luminescent materials and their applications are mentioned. Then, the qualitative descriptions of photons (light) and the quantum mechanical descriptions of photoluminescence are introduced with minimal amount of mathematics. The chemical and physical properties of lanthanides and lanthanide complexes are explained along with several examples of lanthanide complexes. Finally, the outline of this thesis is provided.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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